Sonbhadra is a district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated in the southeastern part of the state and covers an area of 6,788 square kilometers. The district is known for its rich mineral resources and is often referred to as the "Energy Capital" of India.
Sonbhadra is located in the southeastern part of Uttar Pradesh and shares its borders with the states of Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand. The district is situated in the Vindhya Range of mountains and is blessed with abundant natural resources, including coal, bauxite, limestone, and iron ore. The district is divided into three main regions: the Kaimur plateau, the southern forest region, and the western plateau region.
The Kaimur plateau is the most prominent region in Sonbhadra and covers an area of approximately 2,439 square kilometers. It is characterized by its high ridges and steep slopes and is home to several small rivers and streams. The southern forest region covers an area of approximately 1,901 square kilometers and is dominated by dense forests, including the Sonbhadra Reserve Forest. The western plateau region covers an area of approximately 2,448 square kilometers and is characterized by its rocky terrain and sparse vegetation.
The history of Sonbhadra can be traced back to ancient times, with several archaeological sites dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization and the Vedic period. The district was ruled by various dynasties throughout history, including the Mauryans, the Guptas, and the Mughals.
During the British rule, Sonbhadra was a part of the Mirzapur district and was known for its abundant mineral resources. The district saw a surge in industrial activity during the early 20th century, with the establishment of several coal mines and power plants. After independence, Sonbhadra became a separate district in 1989, and has since then been a significant contributor to the state's economy.
Sonbhadra is known for its rich cultural heritage, which is reflected in its art, music, dance, and festivals. The district is home to several indigenous communities, including the Gonds, Bhuiyas, and Kolhs, who have their unique customs and traditions.
The district is famous for its traditional handicrafts, including wood carvings, brassware, and terracotta figurines. The Sonbhadra region is also known for its folk music, which is characterized by the use of instruments like the dholak, harmonium, and flute. The district is home to several dance forms, including the Karma, Pandwani, and Chaiti, which are performed during religious and cultural festivals.
Sonbhadra's economy is primarily driven by its mineral resources, including coal, bauxite, limestone, and iron ore. The district is home to several thermal power plants, including the Obra Thermal Power Station, the Anpara Thermal Power Station, and the Rihand Thermal Power Station. These power plants generate a significant amount of electricity and contribute to the state's energy needs.
Apart from its mineral resources, Sonbhadra's economy is also driven by agriculture and tourism. The district is home to several tourist attractions, including the Dudhwa National Park, the Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary, and the Vijaygarh Fort. The district is also known for its pilgrimage sites, including the Shivdwar Temple, the Hanuman Mandir, and the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|3||Mirzapur Sadar||Sonbhadra||Uttar Pradesh|