Mainpuri is a district located in the north-central part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated in the eastern part of the region known as the Doab, which lies between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers. The district covers an area of approximately 2,745 square kilometers and is home to a population of over 1.8 million people, according to the 2011 Census of India.
The history of Mainpuri dates back to ancient times, with evidence of human habitation in the area dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization. The district was later ruled by various dynasties, including the Mauryas, Guptas, and Mughals. During the medieval period, the region came under the control of various Muslim rulers, including the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. In the 18th century, Mainpuri came under the control of the Marathas, who were later defeated by the British East India Company. The district was part of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during the British Raj and became a separate district in 1865.
Mainpuri is situated in the eastern part of the Doab region and is bounded by the districts of Etah and Farrukhabad to the north, Kannauj and Etawah to the south, and Firozabad and Etawah to the east and west, respectively. The district is located at an average elevation of 152 meters above sea level and is situated between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers. The region is primarily agricultural, with the main crops being wheat, rice, sugarcane, and potatoes.
As of the 2011 Census of India, Mainpuri had a population of 1,818,681 people, with a sex ratio of 858 females per 1000 males. The literacy rate in the district was 71.62%, with male literacy at 80.15% and female literacy at 62.26%. The district is predominantly rural, with only a few urban centers, including the district headquarters, Mainpuri City. The main language spoken in the district is Hindi, although Urdu is also spoken by a significant minority.
The economy of Mainpuri is primarily agricultural, with the majority of the population engaged in farming. The main crops grown in the district include wheat, rice, sugarcane, and potatoes. In addition to agriculture, there is also a significant presence of small-scale industries in the district, including textiles, handicrafts, and agro-based industries. Mainpuri is also home to a number of small-scale enterprises, including those involved in the manufacturing of bricks and tiles.
The culture of Mainpuri is a blend of Hindu and Muslim traditions, with both communities coexisting peacefully in the region. The district is known for its rich cultural heritage, including its folk music and dance traditions. The most popular dance form in the region is the 'Rasleela', which is performed during the Hindu festival of Holi. Other popular dance forms include the 'Kathak' and 'Birha'. The district is also known for its handicrafts, including pottery, weaving, and embroidery.
Mainpuri is home to a number of tourist attractions, including historic temples and monuments. The most popular temple in the district is the Kali Maa Temple, which is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. Other popular temples in the region include the Shri Laxmi Narayan Temple and the Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi Temple.
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