Shrawasti is a district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, located in the northern part of India. It is known for its rich historical and cultural heritage, and attracts a large number of tourists every year.
Shrawasti has a rich historical past, and has been an important center of Buddhism since ancient times. According to Buddhist texts, Shrawasti was one of the six important cities of India during the lifetime of Lord Buddha. It is said that Lord Buddha spent a large part of his life in Shrawasti, and many of his teachings were delivered in this city. Shrawasti was also a center of Jainism during the ancient period, and many Jain temples were built here.
During the medieval period, Shrawasti came under the rule of various dynasties, including the Mauryas, the Guptas, and the Mughals. In the 18th century, Shrawasti became a part of the Awadh region, and was ruled by the Nawabs of Awadh. After India gained independence in 1947, Shrawasti became a part of the newly formed state of Uttar Pradesh.
Shrawasti is located in the northern part of Uttar Pradesh, and is bordered by the districts of Balrampur, Gonda, and Bahraich. It covers an area of 1,636 square kilometers, and has a population of approximately 1.2 million. The district is divided into six tehsils and ten blocks, and its administrative headquarters is in the town of Shrawasti.
Shrawasti is situated on the banks of the river Rapti, and is surrounded by dense forests and hills. The climate of Shrawasti is subtropical, with hot summers and cool winters. The monsoon season lasts from June to September, and the district receives an average rainfall of around 1,000 millimeters per year.
Shrawasti is a diverse district, with people from various religions and communities living together. The majority of the population is Hindu, followed by Muslims, Buddhists, and Jains. The official language of the district is Hindi, and other languages spoken here include Awadhi, Bhojpuri, and Urdu.
Shrawasti is known for its rich cultural heritage, and is home to many temples, shrines, and historical sites. The district is especially important for Buddhists, as it was one of the six important cities during the lifetime of Lord Buddha. Many Buddhist temples and monasteries have been built here, including the Jetavana Monastery, which is said to have been built by the wealthy merchant Anathapindika for Lord Buddha.
Apart from Buddhism, Shrawasti is also home to many Hindu temples, including the Shravasti Kali Temple, which is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. The district is also known for its folk music and dance, which is performed during various festivals and occasions.
The economy of Shrawasti is largely dependent on agriculture, with the majority of the population engaged in farming and related activities. The district is known for its production of rice, wheat, and sugarcane, and also has a large number of mango orchards. Apart from agriculture, the district also has some small-scale industries, including handloom and handicrafts.
Tourism is also an important part of the economy of Shrawasti, with many tourists visiting the district to see its historical and cultural sites. The government has taken various steps to promote tourism in the district, including the development of infrastructure and the organization of cultural events.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|3||Ikauna **||Shrawasti||Uttar Pradesh|
|5||Payagpur **||Shrawasti||Uttar Pradesh|