Auraiya is a district located in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated in the central region of the state and is bordered by the districts of Kanpur Dehat, Kannauj, Etawah, and Farrukhabad. The district covers an area of 2,054 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 1.4 million people. The district is home to a diverse range of communities, including people from various religious and linguistic backgrounds.
The history of Auraiya dates back to ancient times. The region was a part of the powerful Mauryan Empire during the 3rd century BC. Later on, the region came under the control of various dynasties such as the Kushanas, Guptas, and the Mughals. During the British colonial period, Auraiya was a part of the Kanpur district. After India gained independence in 1947, Auraiya became a separate district in 1997.
Auraiya is located at an average elevation of 136 meters above sea level. The district is situated in the Doab region, which is the fertile plain between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers. The climate of the district is characterized by hot summers and cool winters. The temperature during the summer months (April to June) can reach up to 45°C, while the temperature during the winter months (December to February) can drop to as low as 5°C.
Auraiya has a diverse population, with people from various religious and linguistic backgrounds. According to the 2011 census, the district has a population of 1,372,860 people, with a literacy rate of 73.1%. The majority of the population in Auraiya speaks Hindi, while other languages such as Urdu, Punjabi, and English are also spoken.
Agriculture is the primary source of income for the people of Auraiya. The district is known for its production of wheat, paddy, and sugarcane. Apart from agriculture, the district also has several small and medium-sized industries, such as leather, cement, and textile manufacturing. The district is also a hub for the production of handloom sarees, which are known as Auraiya sarees.
Auraiya is well-connected to other parts of Uttar Pradesh and India through various modes of transportation. The district has a well-developed road network, with several national highways and state highways passing through it. The National Highway 19 (NH-19), also known as the Delhi-Kolkata Road, passes through the district. The district also has a railway station, which is located on the Kanpur-Delhi rail route. The nearest airport to Auraiya is the Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport in Lucknow, which is approximately 160 kilometers away.
Auraiya has several places of historical and cultural significance that attract tourists from all over the world. Some of the popular tourist attractions in the district include:
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