Pratapgarh is a district located in the northwestern part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated on the eastern bank of the Ganges River and covers an area of approximately 3,717 square kilometers. The district is named after the famous Indian freedom fighter, Raja Pratap Singh, who belonged to the Pratapgarh royal family. The district is bordered by the districts of Allahabad, Jaunpur, Sultanpur, and Amethi.
The history of Pratapgarh dates back to the Vedic period. The region was known as Kashi or Varanasi during that time. In the medieval period, the region came under the control of the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals, and the British. Pratapgarh was a part of the Avadh region during the rule of the Nawabs of Awadh. After India gained independence, the region was merged with the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Pratapgarh district is situated on the Indo-Gangetic plain, which is a large fertile plain in northern India. The district is mostly flat with some small hills and has a tropical monsoon climate. The Ganges River flows along the eastern border of the district, and the Sai River flows through the district. The district has several lakes, including the Tendu Lake and the Shahi Lake.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Pratapgarh district has a population of approximately 3.2 million people. The district has a sex ratio of 996 females for every 1000 males, which is higher than the state average. The literacy rate in the district is 66.62%, which is lower than the national average.
Pratapgarh has a rich cultural heritage, with a mix of Hindu, Muslim, and Buddhist influences. The district has several important religious sites, including the Hanuman Temple, the Kali Temple, and the Jama Masjid. The district is also known for its folk music and dance, including the Charkula dance and the Raas-Leela.
The economy of Pratapgarh is primarily agricultural. The district is known for its production of paddy, wheat, sugarcane, and mustard. The district also has a small industrial sector, with several small-scale industries engaged in the production of textiles, handicrafts, and agro-based products.
Pratapgarh is well-connected by road and rail. The district is situated on the national highway NH-56, which connects the district to Lucknow, Varanasi, and other major cities in the region. The district also has a railway station, which is connected to major cities like Delhi, Kolkata, and Mumbai.
Pratapgarh has several schools and colleges offering education in various streams. The district has several government and private schools, including several schools affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and the Uttar Pradesh Board of Secondary Education (UPBSE). The district also has several colleges, including the Pratapgarh Medical College and the Government Polytechnic.
Pratapgarh district has several tourist attractions, including the Sangramgarh Fort, which is a 17th-century fort built by the Rajputs. The district also has several temples, including the Kali Temple, the Hanuman Temple, and the Mahavir Temple. The district is also known for its natural beauty, with several lakes and parks, including the Tendu Lake, the Shahi Lake, and the Jainath Park.
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