Arwal is a small district in the state of Bihar, India. It is situated in the southern part of Bihar and is surrounded by districts such as Aurangabad, Jehanabad, and Bhojpur.
Arwal has a rich and ancient history dating back to the Mauryan era. During the Mauryan period, the region was known as "Arvalli" and was part of the Magadh Empire. Arvalli was an important center of trade and commerce, and it was located on the trade route between Magadh and other parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The region was also a center of Buddhism during the Mauryan period. The famous Buddhist scholar, Upagupta, lived in Arvalli during this period. Arvalli continued to be an important center of trade and commerce even during the Gupta period.
In the medieval period, Arvalli was part of the Sultanate of Delhi and later the Mughal Empire. During this period, the region saw the construction of several important structures, such as the Jama Masjid and the Qutb Minar.
After the decline of the Mughal Empire, Arvalli became part of the British Raj. The region played an important role in the Indian independence movement, with many leaders such as Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha hailing from the region.
After India gained independence in 1947, Arvalli was made part of the state of Bihar. In 2001, Arvalli was carved out of Jehanabad district to form the new district of Arwal.
Arwal is situated in the southern part of Bihar and is located between 25.08°N and 84.41°E. The district covers an area of 638 square kilometers and is bordered by Aurangabad district to the north, Jehanabad district to the east, Bhojpur district to the west, and the Gaya district to the south.
The district is situated on the banks of the Son River, which is a tributary of the Ganges. The Son River is an important source of water for irrigation and drinking purposes in the region.
The district is predominantly rural, with agriculture being the primary occupation of the people. The soil in the region is fertile, and the main crops grown in the region include paddy, wheat, and maize.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Arwal has a population of 700,843. The district has a population density of 1,099 people per square kilometer. The literacy rate in the district is 62.24%, with male literacy at 74.92% and female literacy at 48.79%.
The majority of the population in the district is Hindu, with Muslims being the second-largest religious community. The district is also home to a small number of Christians, Sikhs, and Jains.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy in Arwal. The district is predominantly rural, and the majority of the population is engaged in agriculture. The fertile soil in the region supports the cultivation of a variety of crops, including paddy, wheat, and maize.
Apart from agriculture, the district is also home to a small number of industries. The main industries in the region include brick-making, weaving, and handloom. The district is also home to a small number of power loom units.
Arwal has a rich cultural heritage. The district is home to a number of festivals and fairs that are celebrated throughout the year.
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