Aurangabad is a city located in the eastern Indian state of Bihar. It is a part of the Magadh division and serves as the administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad district. The city is well known for its rich history, culture, and tourist attractions.
Aurangabad has a rich and varied history that dates back to the ancient period. The city was known as "Kannauj" in ancient times and was ruled by several dynasties, including the Mauryas, Guptas, Palas, and Chandravanshis. During the medieval period, the city was ruled by the Mughals, and it was during this time that the city was renamed "Aurangabad" in honor of the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb.
Aurangabad is located in the southern part of Bihar and is surrounded by the districts of Gaya, Nawada, and Jehanabad. The city covers an area of 3,305 square kilometers and is situated at an altitude of 103 meters above sea level. The city is located on the banks of the River Punpun, which is a tributary of the River Ganges.
As of the 2011 Indian census, the population of Aurangabad was 2,511,243. The city has a literacy rate of 63.38% and a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males. The majority of the population in Aurangabad is Hindu, with Muslims and Buddhists making up the rest of the population.
Aurangabad is primarily an agricultural city, and the majority of the population is engaged in agriculture. The city is known for its production of wheat, maize, pulses, and oilseeds. In recent years, the city has seen a rise in the number of small-scale industries, including handloom and handicrafts. The city is also home to a number of small and medium-sized enterprises.
Aurangabad has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its vibrant traditions and festivals. The city is known for its folk songs, dances, and literature. The most popular festival in Aurangabad is the Chhath Puja, which is celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm. The city is also known for its traditional handicrafts, including pottery, basket weaving, and embroidery.
Aurangabad is a popular tourist destination, and the city is home to a number of historic monuments and landmarks. The most famous tourist attraction in the city is the Ajanta and Ellora caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. These ancient caves are home to some of the most exquisite rock-cut sculptures and paintings in the world. Other popular tourist attractions in Aurangabad include the Bibi ka Maqbara, a mausoleum that is often referred to as the "Taj Mahal of the Deccan," and the Daulatabad Fort, which is known for its impressive military architecture.
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