Kishanganj is a district located in the northeastern region of Bihar, India. It is situated on the foothills of the Himalayas and shares its border with Nepal to the north and West Bengal to the east. The district covers an area of 1,884 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 1.7 million people.
Kishanganj has a rich history dating back to the Mauryan Empire, which ruled the region in the 3rd century BCE. The district was also under the influence of the Gupta Empire and the Mughal Empire. During the British colonial period, Kishanganj was part of the Bhagalpur division of Bengal province. After independence, it became part of Bihar state.
Kishanganj district is characterized by its diverse landscape, with the Kosi River flowing through the district and numerous hills and forests dotting the area. The district's climate is classified as humid subtropical, with hot summers and cool winters.
The district is home to a diverse population, with a majority of the population being Muslim. Other communities residing in Kishanganj include Hindus, Buddhists, Christians, and Sikhs. The literacy rate in the district is around 44%, which is lower than the national average. The main languages spoken in the district are Hindi, Bengali, and Urdu.
Kishanganj's economy is predominantly agricultural, with crops such as paddy, maize, wheat, and pulses being grown in the district. The district is also known for its tea plantations, which are located in the hilly areas of the district. Apart from agriculture, the district has a growing textile industry, with several small-scale units engaged in the production of textiles. The district is also home to a number of small and medium-scale enterprises engaged in food processing, paper production, and engineering.
Kishanganj's culture is a blend of different traditions and customs, reflecting the diversity of the district's population. The district is known for its vibrant festivals, such as Eid, Durga Puja, and Diwali, which are celebrated with great enthusiasm by people of all communities. The district is also known for its music and dance forms, such as Baul and Jhumur, which are an integral part of the local culture.
Kishanganj district is blessed with natural beauty, with several scenic spots attracting tourists throughout the year. Some of the popular tourist attractions in the district include the Kali Mandir, Thakurbari Temple, and the Balrampur Wildlife Sanctuary. The district is also home to several historic monuments, such as the Ashokan pillar at Bahadurganj and the ruins of the Nalanda University.
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