Sheikhpura is a district located in the state of Bihar, India. It was formed in the year 1994 after it was carved out of the districts of Nawada and Munger. Sheikhpura is located in the central part of Bihar and is situated at a distance of about 120 kilometers from the state capital, Patna. It is surrounded by the districts of Nalanda, Lakhisarai, Nawada, and Jamui.
The history of Sheikhpura can be traced back to ancient times. It is believed that the region was ruled by the Maurya dynasty during the 3rd century BCE. During the medieval period, Sheikhpura was ruled by various dynasties, including the Pala dynasty, the Sena dynasty, and the Mughal Empire. In the modern era, Sheikhpura played an important role in India's freedom struggle. The district was the birthplace of several freedom fighters, including Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who went on to become the first President of India.
Geographically, Sheikhpura is a hilly district with an average elevation of about 170 meters above sea level. The district is divided into two main regions - the highland region and the lowland region. The highland region consists of hills and plateaus, while the lowland region is characterized by plains and valleys. The district is drained by several rivers, including the Dharhara, Kiul, and Panchane.
In terms of demographics, Sheikhpura has a population of approximately 7 lakh people. The majority of the population belongs to the Hindu community, followed by Muslims and other religions. The district has a literacy rate of about 60%, which is slightly lower than the national average. The main language spoken in the district is Hindi, although Bhojpuri and Magahi are also spoken by a significant portion of the population.
The economy of Sheikhpura is primarily based on agriculture. The district is known for the production of crops such as wheat, paddy, maize, and sugarcane. The district also has a significant livestock population, with cattle and buffalo being the main livestock reared by farmers. In addition to agriculture, the district has a small industrial sector, with the production of goods such as ceramics, handicrafts, and agro-based products.
In terms of culture, Sheikhpura has a rich and diverse heritage. The district is known for its folk music, dance, and art. The people of Sheikhpura celebrate several festivals throughout the year, including Holi, Diwali, Chhath Puja, and Eid. The district is also known for its traditional cuisine, which includes dishes such as litti chokha, sattu paratha, and dal bati churma.
Tourism is an emerging industry in Sheikhpura. The district has several historical and cultural sites that attract tourists from all over India. Some of the popular tourist attractions in Sheikhpura include the Rohtasgarh Fort, the Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, and the Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya. The district also has several natural attractions, such as the Kiul River and the Kajra Falls.
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