Supaul is a district located in the northern part of the state of Bihar in India. The district is situated in the Kosi region and shares its borders with Madhepura district in the south, Araria district in the east, Saharsa district in the west, and the international border with Nepal in the north.
Supaul has a rich history that can be traced back to the ancient times. It was a part of the kingdom of Videha, which was ruled by the legendary king Janaka. The district was also a part of the Mauryan Empire and the Gupta Empire. During the medieval period, it came under the rule of the Pala dynasty, which was followed by the Sena dynasty. The district was also a part of the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. After India gained independence in 1947, Supaul became a part of the state of Bihar.
Supaul has a total area of 2,410 square kilometers and is located at an altitude of 36 meters above sea level. The district is predominantly flat with a few small hills. The Kosi river flows through the district and is a major source of water for irrigation. The climate of the district is tropical, with hot summers and cool winters. The monsoon season lasts from June to September and brings heavy rainfall.
According to the 2011 census, Supaul has a population of 2,229,076, making it one of the most populous districts in Bihar. The district has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males, which is slightly lower than the state average. The literacy rate of the district is 54.44%, which is lower than the national average.
Agriculture is the primary occupation of the people of Supaul district. The fertile land and the availability of water from the Kosi river make it an ideal place for agriculture. The major crops grown in the district are paddy, wheat, maize, pulses, and oilseeds. Apart from agriculture, the district also has a small-scale industry that includes weaving, leatherworks, and pottery. The district also has a few sugar mills and rice mills.
Supaul has a rich culture that is reflected in its folk music and dance. The district is famous for the Chhath puja, which is celebrated with great fervor. The people of Supaul also celebrate other festivals such as Durga Puja, Diwali, and Holi. The district is home to a few temples that are visited by devotees from all over the state.
Supaul has a few tourist attractions that are worth visiting. The Kosi river is a major attraction and is a great place for boating and fishing. The district is also home to a few temples such as the Baba Nath Temple and the Badi Durga Mandir. The Supaul Museum is another attraction that showcases the history and culture of the district. The museum has a collection of artifacts, manuscripts, and sculptures that date back to ancient times.
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