Sheohar is a district located in the northern part of the Indian state of Bihar. It was formed in 1994 when it was separated from the district of Sitamarhi. Sheohar is bordered by the districts of Sitamarhi to the north, Muzaffarpur to the east, and Gopalganj to the south and west. The district headquarters is located in Sheohar town.
The history of Sheohar dates back to the ancient period when it was a part of the Mithila kingdom. According to mythology, King Janaka, the father of Sita, was the ruler of this region. The Maurya dynasty also ruled this area during the ancient period. Later, it came under the rule of the Gupta dynasty. During the medieval period, the region was ruled by various Hindu kings and Muslim rulers. The region also witnessed the rise of the Bihar School of Yoga, which was founded by Swami Satyananda Saraswati in the mid-20th century.
Sheohar is situated at an altitude of 54 meters above sea level. The district covers an area of 443.32 square kilometers. The district is primarily an agricultural region with a fertile alluvial soil. The major rivers that flow through the district are the Bagmati, the Gandak, and the Lakhandei.
As of the 2011 Census of India, the population of Sheohar was 656,246. The district has a population density of 1,476 people per square kilometer. The sex ratio is 890 females for every 1000 males. The literacy rate in the district is 57.8%.
Agriculture is the main occupation in Sheohar. The major crops grown in the district are paddy, wheat, maize, and sugarcane. The district also has a few small-scale industries such as handloom weaving, pottery, and basket making. The district is also known for its production of mangoes.
The culture of Sheohar is primarily influenced by the Mithila culture. The people of Sheohar celebrate all major Hindu festivals such as Diwali, Holi, and Durga Puja. The district is also known for its folk songs and dances such as Jat-Jatin and Sama-Chakeva.
Sheohar has several tourist attractions such as
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