Kaimur Bhabua is a district in the Indian state of Bihar, located in the southwestern part of the state. It is situated between the Ganges River to the north and the Vindhya Range to the south, covering an area of 3,858 square kilometers. The district is named after the Kaimur hills, which are part of the Vindhya Range and are located in the southern part of the district.
Kaimur Bhabua has a rich and diverse history dating back to the ancient period. The district was part of the Magadha Empire, which was one of the most powerful empires in ancient India. The Mauryan Empire, which was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, had its capital at Pataliputra, which is located in present-day Patna, Bihar. During this period, Kaimur Bhabua was an important center of trade and commerce.
After the decline of the Mauryan Empire, Kaimur Bhabua came under the rule of various dynasties such as the Guptas, the Pala, and the Sena. During the medieval period, the district was part of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. In the 18th century, Kaimur Bhabua came under the rule of the British East India Company.
Kaimur Bhabua is located in the southwestern part of Bihar and is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to the west, Jharkhand to the south, Rohtas district to the east, and Bhojpur and Aurangabad districts to the north. The district is characterized by hills, valleys, and plateaus. The Kaimur hills, which are part of the Vindhya Range, run through the southern part of the district. The district is drained by the Son River, which is a major tributary of the Ganges River.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Kaimur Bhabua has a population of 1,626,384, of which 830,776 are males and 795,608 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 958 females per 1000 males, which is higher than the state average. The literacy rate in the district is 62.31%, which is lower than the state average.
The economy of Kaimur Bhabua is primarily agricultural. The district is known for its production of wheat, rice, maize, and sugarcane. The district is also rich in mineral resources such as limestone, bauxite, and coal. The Sonbhadra-Singrauli coalfield, which is one of the largest coalfields in India, is located in the western part of the district.
The culture of Kaimur Bhabua is a blend of various traditions and customs. The district is home to a number of tribal communities such as the Oraon, Gond, and Kharwar. The festivals celebrated in the district include Diwali, Holi, Chhath, and Durga Puja. The district is also known for its folk music and dance forms such as the Jhumar and the Chaita.
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