East Champaran, also known as Purbi Champaran, is one of the 38 districts of Bihar state in India. It is located in the eastern part of the state and is bordered by Nepal to the north, Sitamarhi and Madhubani districts to the east, Muzaffarpur and Saran districts to the south, and Gopalganj district to the west.
East Champaran has a rich history dating back to the Vedic period. The district was part of the ancient kingdom of Videha, which was ruled by King Janaka. The famous Hindu epic, the Ramayana, mentions the region as the birthplace of Sita, the wife of Lord Rama. The Mauryan dynasty also had a significant influence on the region, and the famous Mauryan emperor, Ashoka, is believed to have visited the district during his reign.
During the medieval period, East Champaran was ruled by various dynasties, including the Mughals, the Nawabs of Bengal, and the British. The district played an important role in the Indian independence movement. It was here that Mahatma Gandhi launched his famous Champaran Satyagraha in 1917, which was a turning point in India's struggle for independence.
East Champaran covers an area of 3,969 square kilometers and is located in the foothills of the Himalayas. The district has a diverse topography, with the northern part of the district being hilly and the southern part being flat. The Gandak and Burhi Gandak rivers flow through the district, and several tributaries of these rivers also pass through the region. The district is primarily agricultural, with fertile alluvial soil that supports the cultivation of crops such as paddy, sugarcane, wheat, and maize.
According to the 2011 census, East Champaran has a population of 5,082,868, making it the seventh most populous district in Bihar. The district has a sex ratio of 906 females per 1000 males, which is lower than the state average. The literacy rate in the district is 54.6%, which is also lower than the state average. The major communities in the district are Bihari, Maithili, Magahi, and Bhojpuri. Hindi and Bhojpuri are the main languages spoken in the region.
Agriculture is the primary occupation in East Champaran, with more than 80% of the population engaged in farming. The district is known for its sugarcane production, and several sugar mills are located in the region. Other crops grown in the district include paddy, wheat, maize, and vegetables. The district is also home to several small-scale industries, including textiles, paper, and leather goods. The major towns in the district are Motihari, Bettiah, and Raxaul, which are important centers for trade and commerce.
East Champaran has a rich cultural heritage, with a mix of Hindu, Muslim, and Buddhist traditions. The district is home to several temples, mosques, and Buddhist stupas. The region is famous for its Chhath Puja, which is a major festival celebrated in Bihar and other parts of the country. Other festivals celebrated in the district include Dussehra, Diwali, Eid, and Christmas. The district is also known for its folk music and dance, including Bidesia, Nirgun, and Sohar. The cuisine of East Champaran is similar to other parts of Bihar and includes dishes such as Litti Chokha
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|20||Motihari H.o.||East Champaran||Bihar|
|23||Pakari Dayal||East Champaran||Bihar|
|24||Pakri Dayal||East Champaran||Bihar|
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