Umaria is a district located in the northeastern part of Madhya Pradesh, a state in central India. The district is well-known for its rich natural resources, including forests, minerals, and wildlife. It is also an important railway junction, connecting the cities of Bilaspur and Katni.
The history of Umaria dates back to ancient times, with evidence of human habitation found in the region dating back to the Stone Age. The district was once part of the Gondwana kingdom, ruled by the Gond tribe. During the medieval period, Umaria was a part of various kingdoms, including the Maratha Empire and the Mughal Empire. In the 18th century, the district came under the control of the British East India Company.
Umaria is located in the northeastern part of Madhya Pradesh, bordering the states of Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh. The district covers an area of 4,119 square kilometers and is situated at an average altitude of 352 meters above sea level. The district is largely covered by forests, with a total forest area of 3,365 square kilometers. The district is home to several rivers, including the Son and Johilla rivers, which are important sources of water for the region.
As of the 2011 Census of India, Umaria had a population of 643,579, with a sex ratio of 916 females to every 1000 males. The district has a literacy rate of 66.9%, which is higher than the national average. The majority of the population is Hindu, with smaller populations of Muslims, Christians, and Buddhists. The district is home to several indigenous tribes, including the Gond, Baiga, and Kol tribes.
The economy of Umaria is largely dependent on agriculture and forestry. The district is known for its production of rice, wheat, and pulses. In addition to agriculture, the district is also home to several mineral resources, including coal, iron ore, and bauxite. The mining industry is an important source of employment and revenue for the region. The district is also home to several small and medium-scale industries, including textiles, food processing, and handicrafts.
Umaria is known for its rich cultural heritage, with a blend of Hindu and tribal traditions. The district is home to several festivals, including Diwali, Holi, and Dussehra, which are celebrated with great enthusiasm. The Baiga tribe, one of the indigenous tribes of the region, is known for their unique cultural practices, including their traditional dances and music. The district is also known for its handicrafts, including bamboo products, terracotta pottery, and traditional textiles.
Umaria is a popular tourist destination, known for its rich natural resources and cultural heritage. The district is home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, including Bandhavgarh National Park, which is known for its tiger population. The park is also home to several other species of animals, including leopards, deer, and wild boar. The Sanjay National Park and the Satpura Tiger Reserve are also popular destinations for wildlife enthusiasts.
In addition to its wildlife, Umaria is also home to several historical and cultural attractions. The ancient city of Maihar, located in the district, is known for its historic temples, including the famous Maihar Devi Temple, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Shakti.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|1||B. Pali||Umaria||Madhya Pradesh|
|4||Birsinghpur Pali||Umaria||Madhya Pradesh|
|5||Gopad Vanas||Umaria||Madhya Pradesh|