Burhanpur is a city located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is situated on the banks of the Tapti River and has a rich history dating back to the 14th century.
Burhanpur was founded in the 14th century by Nasir Khan, who was a governor of the Bahmani Sultanate. The city was originally called Khandwa, but it was later renamed Burhanpur after a Sufi saint named Burhan-ud-Din. In the 16th century, the city became an important center of trade and commerce under the Mughal Empire. It was also a favorite hunting ground of the Mughal emperors, and Akbar built a hunting lodge in the city. Burhanpur was also the capital of the Khandesh province during the reign of the Faruqi dynasty in the 16th century.
In the 17th century, Burhanpur became the capital of the Mughal Empire under Emperor Shah Jahan. The city was the site of the coronation of Shah Jahan's son, Aurangzeb, and it was also where Aurangzeb's brother, Dara Shikoh, was imprisoned and later executed. Burhanpur was an important center of textile production during the Mughal era, and it was known for its fine silks and brocades.
Burhanpur is located in the western part of Madhya Pradesh, near the border with Maharashtra. The city is situated on the banks of the Tapti River, which is a major tributary of the Godavari River. The climate in Burhanpur is tropical, with hot summers and mild winters. The monsoon season lasts from June to September, and the city receives an average annual rainfall of around 800 mm.
According to the 2011 census, the population of Burhanpur was 2,43,891. The majority of the population is Hindu, but there is also a significant Muslim population in the city. The official language of Burhanpur is Hindi, but Marathi is also widely spoken due to its proximity to Maharashtra.
Burhanpur has a diverse economy, with industries ranging from textiles to agriculture. The city is known for its production of cotton and soybean, and it is also home to several textile mills that produce silk and cotton fabrics. Burhanpur is also an important center of handloom weaving, and the city is known for its traditional Maheshwari and Chanderi sarees.
Burhanpur has a rich cultural heritage, and it is known for its architecture, cuisine, and festivals. The city has several historic monuments, including the Shahi Qila, which was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century. The Jama Masjid, which was also built by Shah Jahan, is one of the largest mosques in India. Burhanpur is also home to several tombs and mausoleums, including the tomb of Shah Nawaz Khan, who was a prominent nobleman in the Mughal court.
The cuisine of Burhanpur is a blend of Mughal and Marathi influences, and it is known for its spicy and flavorful dishes. The city is famous for its khaman, which is a type of savory cake made from gram flour. Other popular dishes include dal bafla, which is a type of lentil soup served with baked wheat balls, and mawa jalebi, which is a sweet made from condensed milk.
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