Jhabua is a district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, located in the western part of the state. It is situated in the foothills of the Vindhya mountain range and is bordered by Gujarat to the west and Rajasthan to the north. Jhabua has a rich history and culture, and its economy is largely agricultural, with some small-scale industries and tourism.
Jhabua was ruled by various dynasties over the centuries, including the Mauryas, Guptas, and Mughals. However, it was under the rule of the Holkar dynasty in the 18th century that the region saw significant development. The Holkars built several forts and palaces in Jhabua, including the Jhabua Fort, which is now a popular tourist attraction.
During the British colonial era, Jhabua was part of the Central India Agency, which was a collection of princely states and British-controlled territories in central India. After India gained independence in 1947, Jhabua became part of the newly-formed state of Madhya Bharat, which later merged with other states to form the state of Madhya Pradesh.
Jhabua is located in the western part of Madhya Pradesh and covers an area of approximately 6,785 square kilometers. It is situated in the foothills of the Vindhya mountain range and has an average elevation of around 300 meters above sea level. The district is predominantly rural, with agriculture being the main source of livelihood for the majority of the population.
The district is home to several rivers and streams, including the Narmada, which flows through the eastern part of the district. The district also has several forested areas, which are home to a variety of flora and fauna.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Jhabua has a population of approximately 1.4 million people. The district is predominantly rural, with around 80% of the population living in rural areas. The majority of the population belongs to the Bhil tribe, which is one of the largest tribes in India.
The district has a relatively low literacy rate, with only around 44% of the population being literate. However, the government has made efforts to improve the education system in the district in recent years.
The economy of Jhabua is predominantly agricultural, with the majority of the population engaged in farming. The main crops grown in the district include wheat, maize, soybeans, and cotton. The district also has some small-scale industries, including textiles, handlooms, and handicrafts.
Tourism is also an important part of the economy, with several historical and cultural sites attracting visitors from all over India and abroad. The district has several forts, palaces, and temples, which are popular tourist destinations.
Jhabua has a rich cultural heritage, with the Bhil tribe being the predominant community in the district. The Bhils have their own unique customs, traditions, and dialects. They are known for their colorful costumes, which are adorned with intricate embroidery and beadwork.
The district also has a rich musical heritage, with the Bhils being known for their folk songs and dances. The Bhils celebrate several festivals throughout the year, including Holi, Diwali, and Bhagoria, which is a tribal festival celebrated to mark the arrival of spring.
Jhabua has several tourist attractions, including historical sites, natural attractions, and cultural sites. Some of the popular tourist destinations in the district include:
Jhabua Fort: The Jhabua Fort is a historical fort built by the Holkar dynasty in the 18th century. The fort is built on a hill and offers stunning views of the surrounding area.
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