Morena is a district located in the northwestern part of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is one of the 52 districts of Madhya Pradesh and covers an area of 4,991 square kilometers. The district is named after its headquarters, the city of Morena, which is located on the Delhi-Mumbai railway line.
Morena has a rich historical background dating back to the 4th century BC when it was under the control of the Mauryan Empire. The district was a part of the Chedi Kingdom during the Mahabharata period. The area was later ruled by the Guptas, the Pratiharas, the Rajputs, and the Mughals. During the British era, Morena was a part of the Gwalior state.
Morena is located in the northwestern part of Madhya Pradesh, and its geographical coordinates are 26.51°N and 77.99°E. The district is surrounded by the Chambal River in the north, the Yamuna River in the northeast, the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh in the east, the Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh in the south, and the Bhind district of Madhya Pradesh in the west. The district is divided into three tehsils: Morena, Sabalgarh, and Joura.
According to the 2011 Census, the population of Morena district is 1,965,680, with a sex ratio of 846 females per 1000 males. The literacy rate of the district is 69.30%, which is lower than the state average of 69.32%. The district has a large population of Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST). The major languages spoken in the district are Hindi, Bhili, and Bundeli.
Morena is primarily an agrarian district, with agriculture being the main source of income for the majority of the population. The district is known for its wheat, soybean, and mustard crops. The district is also home to a number of small-scale industries such as cotton ginning, oilseed milling, and handloom weaving. The mineral resources found in the district include limestone, dolomite, and building stones.
The culture of Morena is a mix of Rajasthani and Bundeli cultures. The major festivals celebrated in the district include Holi, Diwali, Dussehra, and Makar Sankranti. The district is also known for its folk music and dance, including the Kalbelia dance and the Bhavai dance. The handicrafts of Morena include stone carvings, terracotta pottery, and handloom weaving.
Morena is home to a number of tourist attractions, including:
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