Khandwa is a city located in the Nimar region of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is situated on the banks of the Narmada River and is surrounded by the Satpura mountain range. Khandwa is the administrative headquarters of the Khandwa district and has a population of approximately 2,00,000 people, according to the 2011 Census.
Khandwa has a rich history that dates back to the ancient times. The city was originally known as Khandavaprastha and was mentioned in the Mahabharata as the place where the Pandavas stayed during their exile. Later, it became a part of the Mauryan Empire and the Gupta Empire. In the medieval period, Khandwa was ruled by the Sultanate of Delhi and the Mughal Empire. It also witnessed the Maratha Empire's rise to power, and the city played an essential role in the Maratha campaigns against the Mughals. During the British colonial period, Khandwa was a part of the Central Provinces and Berar and was later merged with Madhya Pradesh after independence.
Khandwa is located at 21.83°N 76.35°E and has an average elevation of 284 meters above sea level. It is situated on the north bank of the Narmada River and is surrounded by the Satpura mountain range. The climate in Khandwa is classified as a tropical wet and dry climate, with hot summers and mild winters.
According to the 2011 Census, Khandwa has a population of approximately 2,00,000 people, with a literacy rate of 84.25%. The majority of the population in Khandwa are Hindus, followed by Muslims, Jains, and Christians. The official language of Khandwa is Hindi, although Marathi and English are also spoken.
Khandwa's economy is primarily based on agriculture, with cotton, soybean, and wheat being the main crops grown in the region. Khandwa is also home to several small-scale industries, such as oil mills, cotton ginning, and textile manufacturing. The city is well-connected by road and rail, which makes it a strategic location for trading and commerce.
Khandwa is known for its rich cultural heritage, which is reflected in its art, music, and dance forms. The city is famous for its folk music, which is popularly known as Khandwa Gharana. The Khandwa Gharana is a style of singing that originated in Khandwa and is known for its unique blend of classical and folk music. Khandwa is also known for its traditional dance forms, such as Garba, which is performed during the Navratri festival.
Khandwa is home to several tourist attractions, which make it a popular destination among tourists. The most prominent tourist attraction in Khandwa is the Omkareshwar Temple, which is located on an island in the Narmada River. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is considered to be one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India. Another popular tourist destination in Khandwa is the Dada Darbar, which is a shrine dedicated to a 19th-century saint named Baba Baijnath.
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