Shahdol is a city located in the northeastern part of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Shahdol district and lies at an altitude of 456 meters above sea level.
Shahdol has a rich historical past. The region was originally inhabited by tribes like Gonds and Baigas, who still live in the forests surrounding the city. Shahdol was a part of the Mauryan Empire in ancient times, and later it was ruled by several dynasties like the Satvahanas, the Kalchuris, and the Marathas. In 1818, the British took control of the region and it became a part of the British Raj. After India gained independence in 1947, Shahdol became a part of Madhya Pradesh.
Shahdol is located in the northeastern part of Madhya Pradesh and is surrounded by the districts of Umaria, Anuppur, Sidhi, and Singrauli. The city is situated on the Shahdol-Umaria road and is well connected to other cities like Jabalpur, Raipur, and Bilaspur. The geographical location of Shahdol makes it a gateway to the Kanha National Park and the Bandhavgarh National Park.
According to the 2011 census, the population of Shahdol is around 100,000. The city has a literacy rate of 80.83%, which is higher than the state average of 69.32%. The majority of the population in Shahdol is Hindu, followed by Muslims and Christians. The city also has a significant tribal population, with the Gonds and Baigas being the largest tribes.
Shahdol's economy is primarily based on agriculture and forest produce. The region is known for its rich coal reserves, which has led to the establishment of several coal mines in the area. The city also has a significant presence of small-scale industries like handloom weaving, pottery, and leather goods. The region is also known for its teak forests, which is a major source of timber for the furniture industry.
Shahdol has a rich cultural heritage, with a blend of tribal, Hindu, and Islamic influences. The city celebrates several festivals like Diwali, Holi, Eid, and Christmas. The Gond and Baiga tribes have their unique customs and traditions, which are celebrated with much fervor. The city is also known for its music and dance forms like the Gond and Baiga dance, which is performed during festivals and celebrations.
Shahdol is known for its natural beauty and wildlife. The region is home to several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries like the Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, and Sanjay Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary. These parks are home to several species of wildlife like tigers, leopards, elephants, and deer. Shahdol is also known for its waterfalls like the Dhuandhar Falls and the Rajpuri Falls, which attract tourists from all over the country.
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