Seraikela Kharsawan, also known as Saraikela-Kharsawan, is a district in the eastern state of Jharkhand in India. The district was formed in 2001 when the state of Jharkhand was created. It is located in the Chota Nagpur Plateau region and covers an area of 2,723 square kilometers.
The district of Seraikela Kharsawan has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. It was ruled by various dynasties and empires such as Mauryas, Guptas, Palas, and Mughals. The region was also ruled by the Nagvanshi dynasty of Chota Nagpur. In the 18th century, the region came under the control of the Marathas, and later, the British. Seraikela became a princely state under the British Raj and was ruled by the Singh Deo family. After independence, it became part of the state of Bihar and later, Jharkhand.
Seraikela Kharsawan is located in the eastern part of Jharkhand and is surrounded by the districts of East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Ranchi, Khunti, and Purulia (in West Bengal). It is situated on the Chota Nagpur Plateau and is drained by the Subarnarekha and Kharkai rivers. The district is characterized by hilly terrain, dense forests, and numerous waterfalls.
As per the 2011 census, the population of Seraikela Kharsawan district was 1,063,458, with a population density of 390 persons per square kilometer. The district has a sex ratio of 958 females for every 1000 males, which is higher than the state average. The literacy rate in the district is 67.84%, which is lower than the national average.
The economy of Seraikela Kharsawan is primarily agrarian, with agriculture being the main occupation of the people. The district is known for its rice, maize, wheat, and pulses cultivation. Apart from agriculture, the district has a significant mineral resource base, with deposits of iron, manganese, bauxite, and limestone. The industrial sector in the district is mainly concentrated around the Kharsawan and Seraikela towns, with the major industries being steel, cement, and alloys. The district is also known for its handloom and handicrafts industry, with products such as sarees, bedsheets, and wall hangings being popular.
Seraikela Kharsawan has a rich cultural heritage, with its folk music and dance forms being popular across the country. The district is known for its Chhau dance, which is a traditional dance form that originated in the region. The Chhau dance is performed during festivals and is a blend of martial arts, acrobatics, and dance. The district is also known for its tribal culture, with various tribes such as Santhal, Munda, Ho, and Kharia residing in the region. The tribes have their unique customs, traditions, and festivals.
Seraikela Kharsawan has several tourist attractions, ranging from natural landscapes to historical monuments. Some of the popular tourist places in the district are:
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|1||A.i .area||Seraikela Kharsawan||Jharkhand|
|8||Dhalbhum, Jamshedpur||Seraikela Kharsawan||Jharkhand|
|9||East Singhbhum||Seraikela Kharsawan||Jharkhand|
|15||Seraikalla Kharsawan||Seraikela Kharsawan||Jharkhand|
|18||Seraikella Kharsawan||Seraikela Kharsawan||Jharkhand|
|19||Seraikella Kharsawanq||Seraikela Kharsawan||Jharkhand|
|23||West Singhbhum||Seraikela Kharsawan||Jharkhand|
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