Palamau is a district located in the state of Jharkhand, India. It is one of the twenty-four districts in the state and is situated in the western part of Jharkhand. The district is known for its rich cultural heritage, natural beauty, and historical significance.
The history of Palamau can be traced back to ancient times. The region was ruled by various dynasties such as the Mauryas, Guptas, and Mughals. During the 16th century, the region came under the rule of the Chero dynasty. The Chero dynasty ruled the region until the 18th century when it was overthrown by the British East India Company.
During the British rule, Palamau became a part of the Chota Nagpur Division. The region witnessed several uprisings against British rule, the most notable being the Palamau Uprising of 1857, which was led by the tribal leader, Tilka Manjhi. The uprising was brutally suppressed by the British, and Tilka Manjhi was executed.
After India gained independence in 1947, Palamau became a district in the state of Bihar. In 2000, when the state of Jharkhand was created, Palamau became a district in the new state.
Palamau district is located in the western part of Jharkhand. It is bounded by the Garhwa district in the north, Latehar district in the east, and the Aurangabad district of Bihar in the west. The district covers an area of 5043 sq. km. The district is located at an altitude of 244 meters above sea level.
The district is characterized by a hilly terrain, with the Palamau Hills being the most prominent. The hills are a part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau and are covered with dense forests. The district is also home to several rivers, including the North Koel River, the Auranga River, and the Mohana River.
As per the 2011 Census, the population of Palamau district is 1,939,869. The district has a sex ratio of 951 females per 1000 males. The literacy rate in the district is 61.75%, with male literacy at 73.38% and female literacy at 49.11%. The major communities in the district are the Oraon, Munda, and Chero tribes. The district is also home to several other tribes such as the Kharia, Santhal, and Pahariya.
The economy of Palamau is primarily agrarian, with the majority of the population engaged in agriculture and allied activities. The district is known for its production of paddy, wheat, maize, and pulses. The district is also rich in minerals, with deposits of coal, mica, and bauxite being found in the region. The district also has a small industrial sector, with industries such as food processing, textiles, and leather being present.
The culture of Palamau is rich and diverse. The district is home to several tribes, each with its own unique culture and traditions. The major festivals celebrated in the district include Holi, Dussehra, Diwali, and Christmas. The district is also known for its folk dances, with the Jhumar and Chhau being the most popular. The district is also home to several temples and shrines, including the Baidyanath Temple and the Angrabadi Temple.
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