Lohardaga is a district located in the state of Jharkhand, India. It is situated in the southern part of the state and is known for its rich mineral deposits, forests, and natural beauty. Lohardaga has a long and fascinating history, and its diverse cultural and ethnic heritage is evident in its architecture, cuisine, and festivals.
Lohardaga has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. It was ruled by various dynasties and kingdoms such as the Mauryas, the Guptas, and the Mughals. In the 18th century, Lohardaga was part of the Chota Nagpur region and was ruled by various tribal chiefs. During the British Raj, Lohardaga was a princely state and was merged with the state of Bihar after India gained independence in 1947. In 2000, Jharkhand was created as a separate state, and Lohardaga became one of its districts.
Lohardaga is located in the southern part of Jharkhand and covers an area of 1,491 square kilometers. It is situated at an altitude of 410 meters above sea level and is surrounded by forests and hills. The district is bordered by Latehar and Palamu districts to the west, Gumla district to the north, Ranchi district to the east, and Simdega district to the south.
As per the 2011 census, the population of Lohardaga district was 4,34,373, of which 2,19,219 were males and 2,15,154 were females. The district has a literacy rate of 64.43%, with males having a literacy rate of 74.49% and females having a literacy rate of 54.19%. The major ethnic groups in Lohardaga are the Oraon, Munda, and Kharia tribes.
The economy of Lohardaga is primarily based on agriculture and mining. The district is known for its mineral deposits, including bauxite, mica, and graphite. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people, and the major crops grown in the district are paddy, maize, and pulses. Lohardaga is also known for its handloom industry, which produces silk and cotton fabrics.
Lohardaga has a diverse cultural and ethnic heritage, which is reflected in its architecture, cuisine, and festivals. The Oraon, Munda, and Kharia tribes are the major ethnic groups in the district, and their traditional customs and practices are still followed by many people. The district is also known for its vibrant folk music and dance forms, such as the Jhumar and Paika.
Lohardaga is known for its natural beauty and tourist attractions. Some of the popular tourist destinations in the district are:
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