Jamtara is a district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is situated in the Chota Nagpur plateau region of eastern India. The district is primarily known for its agricultural and mining activities, but it is also home to a rich cultural heritage and several popular tourist attractions.
The history of Jamtara dates back to the prehistoric period. The area was inhabited by various tribes, including the Santhals, Mundas, and Oraons. The region came under the control of the British East India Company in the early 19th century. The district was initially a part of the Bhagalpur division of Bengal Presidency.
In 1854, the district of Hazaribagh was carved out of the Bhagalpur division, and Jamtara was made a part of it. In 1902, the district of Hazaribagh was further divided, and Jamtara became a separate district. During the Indian independence movement, the people of Jamtara played an active role in the struggle against British rule.
Jamtara is located in the southern part of the state of Jharkhand. It is situated at a distance of around 300 km from the state capital, Ranchi. The district is surrounded by the districts of Dumka, Deoghar, Giridih, and Godda.
The topography of Jamtara is characterized by hills and plateaus. The district is situated on the Chota Nagpur plateau, which is known for its rich mineral resources. The major rivers that flow through the district are the Damodar and Ajay.
According to the 2011 census, Jamtara has a population of around 790,000 people. The district has a sex ratio of 946 females for every 1000 males, which is slightly higher than the state average. The literacy rate in the district is 61.6%, which is also higher than the state average.
The district is primarily inhabited by tribal communities, including the Santhals, Mundas, and Oraons. These communities have their own unique cultures and traditions. The district is also home to a significant number of non-tribal communities, including people from other parts of Jharkhand and neighboring states.
The economy of Jamtara is primarily based on agriculture and mining. The district is known for its production of paddy, wheat, and maize. The mining sector in Jamtara is primarily focused on coal, which is mined from the coalfields located in the district.
Apart from agriculture and mining, the district also has a significant number of small and medium-scale industries. These industries are primarily engaged in the manufacturing of textiles, leather goods, and handicrafts. The district is also known for its cottage industries, which produce items such as bamboo baskets, handloom fabrics, and pottery.
The culture of Jamtara is characterized by its rich tribal heritage. The tribal communities in the district have their own unique customs, traditions, and beliefs. These communities celebrate several festivals throughout the year, including the Sarhul festival, which is celebrated by the Santhals.
Apart from the tribal culture, Jamtara is also home to several other cultural influences. The district has a rich musical tradition, with several local musicians playing traditional instruments such as the dhak, dhol, and mandar. The district is also known for its folk dances, including the Santhal dance and the Jhumar.
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