Khunti is a district located in the eastern state of Jharkhand in India. It is situated in the southern part of the state, and its headquarters is located in the town of Khunti. The district covers an area of 2,528 square kilometers and is surrounded by other districts such as Ranchi, Simdega, West Singhbhum, and Gumla.
The history of Khunti dates back to ancient times when the region was known as the land of the Munda tribes. These tribes were known for their bravery and warrior-like qualities. During the British rule, Khunti was part of the Chhotanagpur Division, which was a region known for its rich mineral resources. The district of Khunti was created in 2007 when it was carved out of the Ranchi district.
Khunti is located in the southern part of Jharkhand, and it is situated at an average elevation of 615 meters above sea level. The district is characterized by hills and forests, and it is home to many rivers and streams. The Khunti and Karra rivers are two of the most prominent rivers in the district. The climate in Khunti is generally hot and humid, with temperatures ranging from 25°C to 40°C.
As of the 2011 Census, the population of Khunti was 532,481. The majority of the population in the district is tribal, with Mundas being the largest ethnic group. Other tribes such as Oraons and Santhals also live in the district. The official language of the district is Hindi, but the Munda language is also widely spoken.
The economy of Khunti is primarily based on agriculture, with rice, maize, and pulses being the main crops. The district is also known for its production of lac, which is used in the manufacture of various products such as bangles and toys. Apart from agriculture, the district has potential for tourism, especially in the form of eco-tourism, as it is home to many forests and waterfalls.
The culture of Khunti is deeply rooted in its tribal heritage. The Mundas, who form the majority of the population, have their own distinct culture and traditions. The Munda dance is one of the most popular folk dances in the district, and it is performed during various festivals such as the Sarhul festival, which is celebrated in honor of the earth goddess. Apart from the Mundas, other tribes such as the Oraons and Santhals also have their own distinct cultures and traditions.
Khunti has the potential to become a major tourist destination in Jharkhand due to its natural beauty and cultural heritage. The district is home to many waterfalls such as the Panchghagh Falls and the Ranchi Falls, which attract many visitors. The Kudhwa Lake and the Kanke Dam are also popular tourist attractions in the district. The district is also known for its eco-tourism, and there are many opportunities for trekking and camping in the forests of Khunti. The district has many historical and cultural sites, such as the Arki Fort and the Basukinath Temple, which are of interest to tourists.
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