Godda is a district in the Indian state of Jharkhand, located in the northeastern part of the state. The district headquarters is situated in the town of Godda, which is also the largest city in the district. Godda district is a part of the Santhal Pargana division of Jharkhand and shares its borders with the states of Bihar and West Bengal.
The history of Godda district dates back to ancient times, when the region was inhabited by various tribal communities. The area was ruled by various dynasties such as the Mauryas, Guptas, and the Mughals. In the 18th century, the region came under the control of the British East India Company, and it remained a part of British India until 1947. After India gained independence, Godda became a part of the state of Bihar, and in 2000, when the state of Jharkhand was formed, Godda became a part of it.
Godda district is located in the northeastern part of Jharkhand, and it covers an area of 2110.84 square kilometers. The district is bounded by the Ganges River on the north and the Rajmahal Hills on the south. The district is mainly hilly, with the average elevation being around 200 meters above sea level. The district is also rich in natural resources, such as coal, mica, and bauxite.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Godda district has a population of 1,311,382, with a population density of 621 people per square kilometer. The literacy rate in the district is 57.9%, which is lower than the national average of 74%. The majority of the population in the district is rural, with only a small percentage living in urban areas. The main language spoken in the district is Hindi, followed by Santhali and Bengali.
The economy of Godda district is mainly agricultural, with a large portion of the population engaged in farming. The main crops grown in the district are paddy, wheat, maize, and pulses. The district is also rich in mineral resources, such as coal, mica, and bauxite, which are mined by various companies. In recent years, there has been an increase in industrialization in the district, with several small-scale industries being set up.
The culture of Godda district is diverse, with various tribal communities living in the region. The main tribes living in the district are Santhal, Oraon, and Munda. The district is known for its unique folk songs and dances, such as the Santhali dance and the Chhau dance. The region is also famous for its handicrafts, such as pottery, basketry, and woodcarving.
Godda district is a popular tourist destination, with several historical and natural attractions. Some of the major tourist attractions in the district are:
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