Garhwa is a district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is situated in the northwestern part of the state and shares borders with Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The district headquarters is located in the town of Garhwa, which is also the largest city in the district.
Garhwa has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. It was a part of the Mauryan Empire and later, the Gupta Empire. In the 13th century, the region came under the control of the Muslim rulers of Delhi. During the Mughal period, the area was ruled by the governors of Bihar. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the area came under the control of the Marathas. In the 19th century, the British annexed the region and it became a part of the Chota Nagpur Division of British India. After India gained independence in 1947, Garhwa became a part of the newly formed state of Bihar. In 2000, when Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar, Garhwa became a part of the new state.
Garhwa is located at an average elevation of 228 meters above sea level. The district covers an area of 4,061 square kilometers. The district is mostly covered by forest, and the major rivers that flow through the district are the Son, the Koel, and the Arjun. The district is also home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, including the Palamau Tiger Reserve and the Betla National Park.
As of the 2011 Census of India, Garhwa had a population of 1,322,564. The population density of the district is 325 persons per square kilometer. The literacy rate in the district is 54.67%, which is lower than the national average. The major communities in the district are the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, who make up a significant portion of the population.
Garhwa is primarily an agricultural district, with a large number of farmers and landowners. The major crops grown in the district are paddy, wheat, and maize. The district is also known for its rich mineral resources, including coal, limestone, and bauxite. The district has several small-scale industries, including rice mills and brick kilns. The district is also home to several large thermal power plants, which provide electricity to the region and contribute to the state's power supply.
The culture of Garhwa is a mix of different communities, including the Maithil and Magahi communities, who have their own distinct cultures and traditions. The major festivals celebrated in the district are Holi, Diwali, and Chhath Puja. The district is also known for its folk music and dance traditions, including the Nagpuri and Jhumar dances.
Garhwa has several tourist attractions, including wildlife sanctuaries, waterfalls, and ancient temples. The Palamau Tiger Reserve is one of the major tourist attractions in the district, known for its rich flora and fauna. The Betla National Park is also a popular destination for wildlife enthusiasts, with its diverse wildlife and natural beauty. The Panchmukhi Hanuman Temple, situated in Garhwa town, is another popular attraction, known for its unique architecture and religious significance. The Kharagdiha Waterfall, located near the border of Garhwa and Bihar, is a scenic spot and a popular picnic destination.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
Alakhnath Temple in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, is a significant Hindu pilgrimage site known for its devotion to Lord Shiva. With its rich history, exquisite architecture, and serene ambiance, the temple
Doopeshwarnath Temple in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, is a significant Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. With its rich history, exquisite architecture, and religious importance, it attracts devotees and tourists from
Trivati Nath Temple in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, is a revered Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It attracts devotees from various parts of the country and offers a serene and
Delhi, one of the four major metros in the country, tops the top 10 tourist destinations. There are glorious history buildings, monuments, forts, gardens and busiest markets and roads that