Chatra is a city located in the Indian state of Jharkhand, in the district of Chatra. It is a small and beautiful city situated on the banks of the North Koel River. It is one of the emerging and developing cities of Jharkhand, which has been witnessing significant growth and development in recent years.
The history of Chatra can be traced back to ancient times. It was a part of the Magadha Empire, which was one of the most significant empires in ancient India. Later, it became a part of the Mauryan Empire, which was also a significant empire in ancient India. During the medieval period, Chatra was ruled by the Mughals, followed by the British in the 18th century. After India's independence, Chatra became a part of the newly formed state of Bihar, and in 2000, it became a part of the newly formed state of Jharkhand.
Chatra is located at 24.21°N 84.87°E, and it covers an area of 3,819 square kilometers. The city is situated on the banks of the North Koel River, which is a tributary of the Sone River. The climate of Chatra is classified as a humid subtropical climate. The average temperature in the summer months ranges from 25°C to 38°C, and in the winter months, it ranges from 10°C to 25°C.
According to the 2011 Census of India, the population of Chatra is 44,419. The city has a literacy rate of 62.94%, which is lower than the national average. The majority of the population in Chatra belongs to the Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes. The official language of the city is Hindi.
The economy of Chatra is mainly dependent on agriculture. The major crops grown in the region are paddy, wheat, maize, and pulses. Apart from agriculture, the city has a significant forest cover, which provides livelihood opportunities to the local people. The forest area is rich in minerals like coal, iron ore, and limestone. The mining sector is also a significant contributor to the economy of Chatra.
The culture of Chatra is diverse and unique. The city has a rich tradition of folk music and dance. The people of Chatra celebrate several festivals throughout the year, including Diwali, Holi, Dussehra, and Chhath Puja. The city also has a significant tribal population, and their culture and traditions are an essential part of the city's culture. The tribal people of Chatra are known for their handicrafts, including basket weaving, pottery, and wood carving.
Chatra has several tourist attractions that attract visitors from all over the world. Some of the popular tourist attractions in Chatra are:
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