Gumla is a district located in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is situated in the southern part of the state and is surrounded by dense forests, hills, and rivers. Gumla district has a rich history and culture, with various ancient archaeological sites and temples.
The history of Gumla can be traced back to the ancient times when the region was ruled by various tribal chiefs. The region was ruled by the Nagvanshi dynasty before the advent of the British. The Nagvanshi dynasty was followed by the Chero dynasty, who ruled over Gumla and its neighboring regions. The Chero rulers built various forts and temples, which still stand today as a testimony to their legacy.
During the British Raj, Gumla was a part of the Chota Nagpur Division, which was administered by the British. The region played an important role in the Indian independence movement, with various freedom fighters hailing from the region.
Gumla district is located in the southern part of Jharkhand and covers an area of 5324 square kilometers. The district is surrounded by dense forests, hills, and rivers. The region is primarily hilly, with the highest point being Parasnath Hills, which stands at an elevation of 1350 meters.
The region is drained by various rivers, including the South Koel River, which flows through the district. The region experiences a subtropical climate, with hot summers and moderate winters.
Gumla has a diverse population, with various tribes and communities living in the region. The major tribes in the region include Oraon, Munda, and Kharia. The district has a population of around 1.1 million people, with a literacy rate of 65%.
The economy of Gumla is primarily agrarian, with agriculture being the main source of livelihood for the people. The region is known for its production of rice, wheat, and maize. The district also has various small-scale industries, including handloom weaving and leather crafts.
The culture of Gumla is diverse and vibrant, with various tribes and communities living in the region. The region is known for its folk music and dance, with various traditional dances like Karma and Jhumar being performed during festivals and celebrations.
The region is also known for its handicrafts, with various artisans producing beautiful handwoven textiles and leather crafts. The region is also home to various ancient temples, including the Bhagwan Birsa Munda Temple and the Sri Ram Temple.
Gumla district is a popular tourist destination, with various ancient temples and archaeological sites. Some of the popular tourist attractions in the region include:
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