Jajapur, also known as Jajpur, is a district in the eastern Indian state of Odisha. The district headquarters is located in the city of Jajpur, which is approximately 90 km from the state capital, Bhubaneswar. Jajapur is rich in culture, history, and natural resources, and has many important historical and religious sites.
Jajapur is located in the northeastern part of Odisha, near the border with West Bengal. It covers an area of approximately 2889.56 square kilometers and is situated between latitudes 20° 49' N and 21° 59' N and longitudes 85° 54' E and 86° 54' E. The district is bounded by the districts of Bhadrak to the east, Keonjhar to the south, Kendujhar to the west, and Mayurbhanj and Dhenkanal to the north. The district is mainly a plain area, with some small hills in the south and west.
Jajapur has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The district is home to many important historical and religious sites, including the ancient city of Kalinga Nagari, which was the capital of the Kalinga Kingdom. The city was also the site of the famous Kalinga War, which was fought between the Mauryan Empire and the Kalinga Kingdom in 261 BCE. The war is considered to be one of the bloodiest battles in Indian history and is believed to have led to the conversion of Emperor Ashoka to Buddhism.
During the medieval period, Jajapur was ruled by various dynasties, including the Keshari Dynasty, the Somavanshi Dynasty, and the Ganga Dynasty. The district was also a center of Buddhist and Jain culture during this period, and many temples and monasteries were built in the area.
In the modern era, Jajapur played an important role in India's struggle for independence. The district was a hotbed of revolutionary activity, and many freedom fighters, including Raja Prafulla Chandra Ray, were born in the area.
Jajapur has a rich and diverse culture, with a unique blend of Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain traditions. The district is home to many important religious sites, including the ancient temples of Biraja, Mahavinayak, and Kunja Behari, which are revered by Hindus. The district is also home to many Buddhist and Jain sites, including the ruins of the Udayagiri and Ratnagiri monasteries.
Jajapur is known for its traditional handicrafts, which include stone carving, wood carving, and brass and bell metal work. The district is also famous for its pattachitra paintings, which are traditional cloth-based scroll paintings that depict religious and mythological themes.
The people of Jajapur are known for their hospitality and their love of music and dance. The district is home to many folk music and dance forms, including the dhumpa dance, the sankirtan dance, and the paika dance.
Jajapur is primarily an agricultural district, with rice, wheat, and pulses being the main crops grown in the area. The district is also home to many small and medium-sized industries, including rice mills, agro-based industries, and textile mills. The district is rich in mineral resources, including iron ore, manganese, and chromite, and has many mines in the area.
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