Kendujhar, also known as Keonjhar, is a district located in the state of Odisha in eastern India. It covers an area of 8,297 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 1,800,000 people. The district is rich in mineral resources such as iron ore, manganese ore, and chromite. Apart from minerals, Kendujhar is also known for its natural beauty, with rolling hills, lush forests, and picturesque waterfalls.
Kendujhar is located in the northern part of Odisha and is surrounded by the districts of Sundargarh, Jajpur, Mayurbhanj, and Bhadrak. The district is situated on the Eastern Ghats, a mountain range that runs parallel to the east coast of India. The topography of Kendujhar is dominated by hills and plateaus, with the average elevation ranging from 500 to 1000 meters above sea level. Some of the major hills in the district are Gandhamardan, Mankadnacha, and Thakurmunda.
The district is home to several rivers, including the Baitarani, which originates in Keonjhar and flows into the Bay of Bengal, and the Brahmani, which is the second-largest river in Odisha. The Brahmani river flows through the district and is an important source of irrigation for the farmers in the region.
Kendujhar has a tropical climate with hot summers and cool winters. The summer season lasts from March to June, with temperatures ranging from 35 to 45 degrees Celsius. The monsoon season starts in July and lasts till September, with heavy rainfall during this period. The winter season lasts from November to February, with temperatures ranging from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius.
Kendujhar is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. The district has a large forest cover, with the major forests being Karanjia, Harichandanpur, and Kaliapani. The forests are dominated by sal, teak, and bamboo trees. The district is also home to several medicinal plants, including neem, tulsi, and aloe vera.
The forests of Kendujhar are home to a variety of wildlife, including elephants, tigers, leopards, and deer. The district is also known for its birdlife, with species such as the Indian roller, hoopoe, and grey hornbill being spotted in the forests.
Kendujhar has a population of approximately 1,800,000 people, with a sex ratio of 982 females for every 1000 males. The literacy rate in the district is 66.16%, with the male literacy rate being 75.77% and the female literacy rate being 56.27%. The major languages spoken in the district are Odia, Hindi, and Santali.
The economy of Kendujhar is largely dependent on mining and agriculture. The district is rich in mineral resources, with iron ore being the major mineral. Other minerals mined in the district include manganese ore, chromite, and bauxite. The mining sector provides employment to a large number of people in the district.
Agriculture is also an important sector in Kendujhar, with the major crops being paddy, maize, and pulses. The district is known for its organic farming practices and produces a variety of organic vegetables and fruits.
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