Rupnagar, also known as Ropar, is a district in the Indian state of Punjab. It is located in the northwestern part of the state and is part of the Majha region. The district covers an area of 1,360 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 7,16,500 people.
Rupnagar has a rich historical past that can be traced back to the Harappan civilization. The archaeological site of Ropar, located on the banks of the Sutlej River, is one of the oldest and most significant Harappan sites in India. It was excavated in 1953 by Y.D. Sharma, and the findings at the site have shed light on the culture and lifestyle of the Harappan people.
During the medieval period, Rupnagar was ruled by various dynasties such as the Mughals, the Rajputs, and the Sikhs. The town of Rupnagar was founded by Raja Roop Chand, a Rajput ruler, in the 16th century. The town was named after him and became an important center of trade and commerce.
In 1761, the Battle of Panipat took place, and the Mughal Empire was weakened. This led to the rise of the Sikh Empire, which was established by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Rupnagar became a part of the Sikh Empire and was ruled by the Sikh Maharajas until the British annexed Punjab in 1849.
Rupnagar is located in the northwestern part of Punjab and is surrounded by the districts of Mohali, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, and Hoshiarpur. The district is situated on the banks of the Sutlej River, which forms the eastern boundary of the district. The district is divided into three tehsils: Rupnagar, Anandpur Sahib, and Chamkaur Sahib.
The district is mostly flat, with some hilly areas in the north and northeast. The Shivalik Hills form the northern boundary of the district. The climate of Rupnagar is characterized by hot summers and cool winters.
According to the 2011 Census, Rupnagar has a population of approximately 7,16,500 people. The district has a literacy rate of 80.8%, which is higher than the national average. The majority of the population in Rupnagar is Punjabi-speaking, and the district has a diverse religious population. The most significant religious communities in the district are Sikhs, Hindus, and Muslims.
The economy of Rupnagar is primarily based on agriculture, and the district is known for its production of wheat, rice, and maize. The district also has a thriving dairy industry, with many dairy farms located in the area. In recent years, there has been an increase in industrial activity in the district, with many small-scale industries being established.
The district is also home to the Ropar Thermal Power Plant, which is one of the largest power plants in Punjab. The plant generates electricity from coal and has a capacity of 1260 MW.
Rupnagar has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from the Harappan civilization, the Mughals, the Rajputs, and the Sikhs. The district is known for its traditional Punjabi folk music and dance, such as bhangra and giddha.
The district is also home to many gurdwaras and temples, which are significant religious sites for the Sikh and Hindu communities.
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