Nawanshahr is a small city located in the Indian state of Punjab. The city is located at the foothills of the Shivalik range and is surrounded by lush green forests and scenic hills. It is the headquarters of the Nawanshahr district and is an important cultural and commercial center of the region.
Nawanshahr has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The city was originally known as "Nawana Shahar," which means "new town" in Punjabi. It was founded by Nawab Saif Khan, a nobleman of the Mughal Empire, in the 17th century. The city served as an important center of trade and commerce during the Mughal era and was a hub of activity for traders from all over the region.
After the decline of the Mughal Empire, Nawanshahr came under the control of the Sikh Empire in the 19th century. The city played a significant role in the Sikh struggle for independence and was the site of several important battles during the Sikh wars. After the British annexation of Punjab in 1849, Nawanshahr became a part of the British Raj and remained so until India's independence in 1947.
Nawanshahr is located in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent, in the state of Punjab. It is situated at an elevation of 240 meters above sea level and covers an area of approximately 2,516 square kilometers. The city is surrounded by lush green forests and is located at the foothills of the Shivalik range. The Sutlej River flows through the district, providing irrigation for agriculture.
Nawanshahr has a diverse population, with people from different ethnic and religious backgrounds. According to the 2011 census, the population of the district was 615,929, with a male-to-female ratio of 52:48. The literacy rate in the district is 77.53%, which is higher than the national average of 74%. The official language of the district is Punjabi, which is spoken by the majority of the population.
The economy of Nawanshahr is primarily based on agriculture. The fertile land in the region makes it ideal for growing crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane, and cotton. The city is also known for its horticulture, with several fruit orchards located in the surrounding areas. The district is home to several small and medium-sized industries, including textiles, handloom, and food processing.
Nawanshahr has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its traditional Punjabi folk music and dance. The region is also famous for its cuisine, which includes dishes such as sarson ka saag, makki di roti, and lassi. The city hosts several cultural events throughout the year, including Baisakhi, the harvest festival of Punjab, and Diwali, the festival of lights.
Nawanshahr is a popular tourist destination, with several historical and religious sites located in and around the city. Some of the major tourist attractions in Nawanshahr are:
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