Patiala is a historic city located in the northwestern Indian state of Punjab. It is the fourth largest city in the state and serves as the administrative capital of the Patiala district. Patiala has a rich history and is known for its vibrant culture, world-renowned architecture, and a wide range of tourist attractions.
Patiala has a long and fascinating history that dates back to ancient times. According to legend, the city was founded by Baba Ala Singh, a chieftain of the Sidhu Jat clan, in 1763. He established his capital at Qila Mubarak, which still stands today as one of the most famous landmarks in Patiala. Baba Ala Singh was succeeded by his son, Amar Singh, who expanded the city and built many of its iconic structures, including the Baradari Gardens and the Sheesh Mahal.
Under the leadership of Maharaja Bhupinder Singh, who ruled from 1900 to 1938, Patiala became one of the most prosperous and culturally vibrant cities in India. He was a great patron of the arts and sciences and established the prestigious Patiala Gharana of music. He also built the famous Moti Bagh Palace, which today serves as a museum and a popular tourist attraction.
Patiala is located in the south-eastern part of the state of Punjab, and is bordered by the districts of Sangrur, Fatehgarh Sahib, and Mohali. It is situated on the banks of the river Ghaggar, which flows through the city and provides water for irrigation and other purposes. The city covers an area of approximately 1,236 square kilometers and has a population of over 5,00,000.
The population of Patiala is primarily Punjabi, with a significant number of Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims. The official language of the city is Punjabi, although Hindi and English are also widely spoken. The literacy rate in Patiala is around 85%, which is higher than the national average.
Patiala has a diverse economy, with agriculture, industry, and tourism being the main drivers of growth. The city is known for its rich agricultural land, which produces a wide range of crops, including wheat, rice, cotton, and sugarcane. The city is also home to several small and medium-sized industries, including textiles, bicycles, and chemicals. The tourism industry is another important contributor to the local economy, with many tourists visiting the city to explore its rich cultural heritage and historical landmarks.
Patiala is known for its rich and vibrant culture, which is reflected in its food, music, dance, and art. The city is famous for its delicious Punjabi cuisine, which includes dishes like butter chicken, tandoori chicken, and sarson ka saag. The city is also home to several famous musicians and dancers, including the legendary Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan and the famous Kathak dancer, Shovana Narayan.
Patiala is a popular tourist destination, thanks to its rich history and cultural heritage. Some of the most famous landmarks in the city include:
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|6||Fateh Garh Sahib||Patiala||Punjab|
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