Fatehgarh Sahib is a city located in the northern Indian state of Punjab. The city is the administrative headquarters of the Fatehgarh Sahib district, which was formed in 1992. The district is named after the historic town of Fatehgarh Sahib, which is located within its boundaries.
Fatehgarh Sahib has a rich history that dates back to the Mughal era. The town was originally known as Sarhand, and it was an important center of Sufi culture during the reign of Emperor Akbar. However, in 1705, the town witnessed a tragic event that changed its destiny forever. Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, was betrayed by his former cook and was attacked by Mughal soldiers along with his family members. The Guru's two younger sons, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, were bricked alive by the Mughals, and the Guru himself passed away a few days later due to his injuries. The town was then renamed Fatehgarh Sahib in honor of the two young martyrs.
Fatehgarh Sahib is located in the northern part of Punjab, and it covers an area of around 1,180 square kilometers. The city is situated on the banks of the Sirhind Canal, which is a tributary of the Sutlej River. The city is surrounded by several small hills, and the climate is generally hot and dry during the summer months and cold and foggy during the winter season.
As per the 2011 census, the population of Fatehgarh Sahib was around 600,000. The majority of the population comprises Sikhs, who account for around 80% of the total population. Hindus and Muslims are the other major religious groups in the city. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language, followed by Hindi and English.
Fatehgarh Sahib is primarily an agricultural district, and farming is the main source of income for most of the population. The major crops grown in the district include wheat, paddy, sugarcane, and cotton. The district is also known for its dairy farming, and there are several dairy cooperatives in the area. In recent years, the district has seen some growth in the industrial sector, with several small and medium-scale industries being set up in and around the city. The district is also home to several educational institutions, including engineering and management colleges.
Fatehgarh Sahib has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from Sikh, Mughal, and Punjabi cultures. The city is known for its traditional Punjabi cuisine, which includes dishes like sarson ka saag, makki ki roti, and chole bhature. The city is also famous for its Phulkari embroidery, which is a traditional embroidery technique that is popular in Punjab. The city celebrates several festivals throughout the year, including Baisakhi, Diwali, and Holi. The city is also known for its vibrant music scene, with Punjabi music being popular among the local population.
Fatehgarh Sahib is a popular tourist destination, especially among Sikh pilgrims. The city is home to several important Sikh shrines, including the Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, which marks the spot where the two young sons of Guru Gobind Singh were martyred. The city is also home to the Gurudwara Jyoti Swarup Sahib.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|1||Amloh (P)||Fatehgarh Sahib||Punjab|
|3||Bassi Pathana||Fatehgarh Sahib||Punjab|
|4||Fatehgarh Sahib||Fatehgarh Sahib||Punjab|
|9||S.A.S.Nagar (Mohali)||Fatehgarh Sahib||Punjab|
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