Gurdaspur is a district in the northwestern Indian state of Punjab, located in the foothills of the Himalayas. The district was established in 1972 after the reorganization of Punjab, and it has an area of 2,788 square kilometers. Gurdaspur is bordered by Pakistan to the west, Amritsar district to the south, Pathankot district to the north, and Hoshiarpur district to the east. The district headquarters are located in the city of Gurdaspur, which is also the largest city in the district.
The history of Gurdaspur dates back to ancient times. The region was known as "Guru-ka-chak" during the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar in the 16th century. It was named after the Sikh Guru Ramdas, who founded the town of Ramdas Pura nearby. In the 18th century, the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh annexed the region and made it a part of his empire. During the British rule in India, Gurdaspur became a district in 1846. The region played a significant role in the Indian Independence movement, with many freedom fighters hailing from the district.
Gurdaspur is situated in the northwestern part of Punjab and lies between 31°15' and 32°45' north latitude and 74°56' and 76°26' east longitude. The district is located in the foothills of the Himalayas, with the Shivalik range running through the district. The Ravi river flows through the district, which also has several small streams and canals. The district has a tropical climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The average annual rainfall is around 700mm.
According to the 2011 census, Gurdaspur district has a population of 2,299,026, making it one of the most populous districts in Punjab. The district has a literacy rate of 76.7%, with male literacy at 80.6% and female literacy at 72.4%. The district is predominantly rural, with around 83% of the population living in rural areas. The majority of the population belongs to the Sikh religion, followed by Hindus and Muslims.
The economy of Gurdaspur is primarily agricultural, with the district being known for its production of wheat, rice, and sugarcane. The district also has a significant horticultural sector, with the production of fruits like kinnow, guava, and mango. The district has several small-scale industries, including handloom weaving, woodcraft, and leatherwork. Tourism is also an important contributor to the district's economy, with several historical and religious sites attracting visitors.
The culture of Gurdaspur is deeply influenced by Sikhism and Punjabi culture. The district is known for its music, dance, and traditional cuisine. Bhangra and Giddha are popular folk dances, while Punjabi music, including Bhangra and Punjabi pop, is widely listened to. The cuisine of Gurdaspur is similar to other parts of Punjab, with dishes like makki ki roti, sarson ka saag, and butter chicken being popular.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|2||Dera Baba Nanak||Gurdaspur||Punjab|
|7||Sub Tehsil Dhariwal||Gurdaspur||Punjab|