Ropar, also known as Rupnagar, is a city in the Indian state of Punjab. Situated on the banks of the Sutlej River, Ropar is a historic city with a rich cultural heritage.
The history of Ropar dates back to the Harappan Civilization, which flourished around 2500 BCE. The archaeological site of Ropar has revealed the remains of a Harappan settlement, making it one of the oldest settlements in the Indian subcontinent. The city was also a part of the Mauryan and Gupta empires, which ruled India in ancient times.
In the medieval period, Ropar came under the rule of the Mughals and later the Sikhs. During the British colonial period, Ropar was a part of the Punjab Province and played an important role in the Indian freedom struggle.
Ropar is located in the northern part of Punjab and is bordered by Himachal Pradesh to the north and east. The city is situated on the banks of the Sutlej River and is surrounded by the Shivalik hills. The city has a total area of 3,284 square kilometers and is situated at an altitude of 260 meters above sea level.
According to the 2011 census, Ropar has a population of 684,627, with a sex ratio of 895 females per 1000 males. The literacy rate of the city is 81.9%, which is higher than the national average. The majority of the population in Ropar speaks Punjabi, which is the official language of the state.
Ropar has a diverse economy with agriculture, industry, and tourism being the major sectors. The city is known for its fertile agricultural land and is a major producer of wheat, rice, and sugarcane. The industrial sector in Ropar is also well developed, with industries like textiles, chemicals, and steel being the major contributors.
Ropar is a popular tourist destination in Punjab, known for its historic significance and natural beauty. The city has several important historical and religious sites, which attract visitors from all over the world. Some of the major tourist attractions in Ropar are:
The culture of Ropar is a blend of Punjabi and North Indian cultures. The city has a rich tradition of folk music and dance, with bhangra and giddha being the most popular forms. The city also celebrates several festivals throughout the year, including Diwali, Holi, and Lohri.
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