Shimoga, also known as Shivamogga, is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is located in the central part of the state and is the administrative headquarters of the Shimoga district. Shimoga is a historic city with a rich cultural heritage and is known for its scenic beauty, waterfalls, forests, and temples.
Shimoga has a long and rich history that dates back to the ancient times. The city has been ruled by various dynasties over the centuries, including the Kadambas, Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, Hoysalas, Vijayanagar Empire, and the Mysore Kingdom. During the 18th century, Shimoga was under the control of the Keladi Nayakas, who were known for their patronage of arts and culture. The city was also a center of resistance against the British during the Indian freedom struggle. In 1947, Shimoga became a part of the Indian Union after independence.
Shimoga is situated in the central part of Karnataka, and covers an area of 8,478 square kilometers. The city is located at an elevation of 640 meters above sea level and is surrounded by hills, forests, and rivers. The Tunga and Bhadra rivers flow through the city and converge at Koodli, which is a major tourist attraction. The city has a tropical climate with an average temperature of 28 degrees Celsius.
As per the 2011 census, the population of Shimoga was 322,428. The city has a literacy rate of 83.44%, which is higher than the national average. Kannada is the primary language spoken in Shimoga, and the city is also home to a significant population of Urdu and Tamil speakers. The majority of the population in Shimoga follows Hinduism, while Islam and Christianity are the other major religions.
Shimoga's economy is predominantly agriculture-based, with a focus on rice, sugarcane, and areca nut cultivation. The city is also known for its production of spices, silk, and handicrafts. Recently, there has been a growth in the service sector, with an increase in IT and tourism-related activities. The district has two industrial areas, namely the Bhadravathi Industrial Area and the Shimoga Industrial Area, which are home to small and medium scale industries.
Shimoga has a rich cultural heritage that is reflected in its art, music, and festivals. Yakshagana, a traditional dance form of Karnataka, is popular in the city, and several Yakshagana troupes perform during the festive season. The city is also known for its traditional folk songs, which are sung during weddings and other celebrations. The annual Shimoga Dasara festival is a major cultural event in the city, and attracts tourists from all over the state. The festival features a gran.d procession of the idol of Goddess Durga, accompanied by music and dance performances.
Shimoga is known for its natural beauty and has several tourist attractions that draw visitors from all over the world. Some of the popular tourist destinations in and around Shimoga are:
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