Chikkaballapur is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located in the southern part of the state, it is bordered by the districts of Bengaluru Rural to the south, Kolar to the east, Tumakuru to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the north. The district headquarters are in the town of Chikkaballapur, which is about 56 km north of Bengaluru.
The history of Chikkaballapur dates back to the Hoysala Empire, which ruled the region between the 10th and 14th centuries. The region was then ruled by the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries, followed by the Mughals in the 17th and 18th centuries. In the 18th century, the Marathas took control of the region, followed by the British in the 19th century.
Chikkaballapur is situated in the Deccan plateau, and the terrain is generally rocky and hilly. The district is located at an average elevation of 882 meters above sea level. The major rivers that flow through the district are the Arkavathy, Pennar, and Palar. The climate is generally dry and hot, with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 38°C.
According to the 2011 census, the population of Chikkaballapur district was 1,255,104, with a population density of 253 people per square kilometer. The literacy rate was 67.3%, which is slightly lower than the national average of 74%. Kannada is the main language spoken in the district, followed by Telugu and Tamil.
The economy of Chikkaballapur is mainly based on agriculture and horticulture. The district is known for its production of silk, mangoes, and grapes. Other crops grown in the region include paddy, maize, jowar, and sugarcane. In recent years, the district has also seen a rise in the manufacturing and service sectors, with the establishment of industries such as cement, textile, and automobile.
The culture of Chikkaballapur is a blend of the local Kannada culture and the cultures of the various dynasties that ruled the region over the centuries. The district is known for its colorful festivals, including the annual Chariot festival, which is held in the town of Gauribidanur. The district is also home to several historical and religious sites, including the Bhoganandishwara Temple, the Nandi Hills, and the Vidurashwatha Temple.
Chikkaballapur is a popular tourist destination in Karnataka, with a number of attractions that draw visitors from around the world. One of the most popular destinations in the district is the Nandi Hills, a scenic hill station that offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape. Other popular tourist attractions in the district include the Bhoganandishwara Temple, the Vidurashwatha Temple, and the Gudibande Fort.
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