Bidar is a city located in the state of Karnataka, India. It is the headquarters of the Bidar district and is situated on the Deccan Plateau. The city has a rich history and culture, and is known for its beautiful architecture and landmarks.
Bidar has a long and rich history dating back to the 3rd century BCE. It was originally known as Vidarbha and was a part of the Mauryan Empire. Later, it was ruled by the Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, and the Bahmani Sultanate. The Bahmani Sultanate was a powerful Muslim kingdom that ruled over the Deccan region during the 14th and 15th centuries. Bidar was the capital of the Bahmani Sultanate from 1424 to 1527.
During this period, Bidar saw a great development in art and architecture. The Bahmani rulers built several beautiful monuments in the city, including the Bidar Fort, the Barid Shahi Tombs, and the Madrasa of Mahmud Gawan. The city was also known for its thriving trade and commerce, with merchants from all over the world visiting Bidar.
After the fall of the Bahmani Sultanate, Bidar was ruled by the Barid Shahi dynasty. The Barid Shahi rulers continued the tradition of building beautiful monuments in the city. In the 17th century, Bidar was annexed by the Mughal Empire, and later became a part of the Nizam of Hyderabad.
Bidar is located in the northeastern part of Karnataka, near the border with Telangana. It is situated on the Deccan Plateau, at an altitude of 2,200 feet above sea level. The city is surrounded by hills and is located on the banks of the Manjira River, which is a tributary of the Godavari River.
The climate of Bidar is hot and dry, with temperatures ranging from 15°C to 40°C. The city receives most of its rainfall during the monsoon season, which lasts from June to September.
Bidar has a diverse population, with people from different religions and cultures living together in harmony. According to the 2011 census, the population of Bidar was 170,204. The majority of the population is Hindu, followed by Muslims and Christians. Kannada is the official language of the city, but Urdu and Telugu are also spoken.
The economy of Bidar is mainly dependent on agriculture and small-scale industries. The region is known for its production of paddy, jowar, bajra, and wheat. The city also has a thriving handicraft industry, with Bidriware being the most famous product. Bidriware is a type of metalware that is made by skilled artisans using a special technique that involves inlaying silver into an alloy of zinc and copper.
Bidar is a popular tourist destination in Karnataka, known for its rich history and culture. The city has several beautiful monuments and landmarks that attract visitors from all over the world. Some of the must-visit places in Bidar include:
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