Kolar is a district located in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. It has a rich history, a diverse geography, a unique culture, and a growing economy.
Kolar has a long and fascinating history that dates back to the ancient times. The district was originally called Kolahala and was ruled by various dynasties, including the Cholas, the Hoysalas, and the Vijayanagara Empire. The region was known for its gold mines and was a major trading hub in South India. The British also had a significant presence in Kolar during the colonial period and set up several administrative centers and institutions.
Kolar is located in the eastern part of Karnataka and is bordered by the state of Andhra Pradesh to the east. The district covers an area of 8,225 square kilometers and is primarily a plateau region with several hills and valleys. The Palar and the Arkavathi rivers flow through the district and provide water for agriculture and other purposes. The climate of Kolar is tropical, with hot summers and moderate winters.
Kolar has a population of around 1.5 million people, according to the 2011 census. The district is predominantly rural, with agriculture being the main occupation of the people. Kannada is the official language of the region, and there are also several other languages spoken, including Telugu and Tamil. The literacy rate in Kolar is above the national average, and there are several educational institutions in the district.
Kolar's economy is primarily based on agriculture, with the district being a major producer of paddy, ragi, and sugarcane. The region is also known for its silk production, and there are several silk weaving centers in the district. Kolar has a growing industrial sector, with several small and medium enterprises operating in the region. The district is also rich in minerals, with gold mining being a major activity in the region. Tourism is another important sector, with several historical and cultural sites attracting visitors from all over the world.
Kolar has a rich cultural heritage that is reflected in its art, music, dance, and festivals. The district has a unique blend of various cultures, including Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, and Marathi. The region is known for its folk music and dance forms, including Dollu Kunitha, Veeragase, and Kolata. Kolar is also famous for its traditional cuisine, which includes dishes like bisibelebath, ragi mudde, and vangi bath. The district celebrates several festivals throughout the year, including Ugadi, Diwali, and Holi.
Kolar has several tourist attractions that are worth visiting. The region is known for its historical and cultural sites, including the Kolar Fort, the Someshwara Temple, and the Avani Temple. The district is also home to several natural wonders, including the Anthargange hill range, the Kolar gold fields, and the Kolar Betta. The district also has several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, including the Kolar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Bannerghatta National Park. Adventure sports such as trekking, rock climbing, and camping are also popular in Kolar.
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