Bijapur, also known as Vijayapura, is a city located in the northern part of the Indian state of Karnataka. The city is situated on the Deccan Plateau, at an altitude of 590 meters above sea level. Bijapur has a rich history that dates back to the 10th century when it was part of the Chalukya Empire. It was later ruled by several other dynasties, including the Rashtrakutas, the Yadavas, the Bahmanis, the Adil Shahis, and the Marathas. The city has a diverse population consisting of Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and Jains, among others. Bijapur is famous for its monuments, which reflect the city's rich cultural heritage.
The history of Bijapur can be traced back to the 10th century when it was part of the Chalukya Empire. The city was later ruled by the Rashtrakutas, the Yadavas, and the Bahmanis. In 1489, Bijapur was conquered by the Adil Shahi dynasty, which ruled the city for over two centuries. The Adil Shahi dynasty was known for its patronage of art and culture, which is reflected in the city's monuments. The most famous of these monuments is the Gol Gumbaz, which is the mausoleum of Adil Shah II. The Adil Shahis were defeated by the Mughals in 1686, after which the city was ruled by the Marathas. Bijapur was later incorporated into the state of Karnataka after India gained independence from British rule in 1947.
Bijapur is located in the northern part of Karnataka, and it is bounded by the districts of Bagalkot, Belgaum, Gulbarga, and Raichur. The city is situated on the Deccan Plateau, at an altitude of 590 meters above sea level. Bijapur has a semi-arid climate, with hot summers and cool winters. The monsoon season lasts from June to September, and the city receives an average rainfall of 780 mm.
Bijapur has a diverse population consisting of Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and Jains, among others. According to the 2011 census, the population of Bijapur was 327,427. The majority of the population speaks Kannada, which is the official language of the state. Other languages spoken in the city include Urdu, Hindi, and English.
Bijapur's economy is mainly dependent on agriculture, with cotton being the major crop grown in the region. The city also has a thriving handloom industry, which produces cotton sarees, bedspreads, and other textiles. Bijapur is also known for its leather industry, which produces shoes, sandals, and other leather products. The city has a few small-scale industries that produce machinery, auto parts, and electrical equipment. Bijapur also has a few small-scale service industries, such as tourism and hospitality.
Bijapur has a rich cultural heritage that is reflected in its monuments, music, and cuisine. The city has a diverse population, which has contributed to its cultural diversity. The most famous monument in Bijapur is the Gol Gumbaz, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other notable monuments in the city include the Ibrahim Roza, the Jumma Masjid, and the Asar Mahal. Bijapur is also known for its music, which includes the Hindustani classical music style of the Dharwad gharana. The cuisine of Bijapur is a mix of Kannada, Maharashtrian, and Hyderabadi influences.
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