Yadgir is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka, located in the northern part of the state. The district headquarters is located in the city of Yadgir, which is situated on the banks of the Vedavathi River. Yadgir is one of the least developed districts in the state, and it is primarily an agrarian region.
Yadgir has a rich history that dates back to the prehistoric times. The region was ruled by various dynasties, including the Mauryas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, and the Bahmani Sultanate. During the rule of the Bahmani Sultanate, Yadgir was an important center for trade and commerce, and it was known for its magnificent architecture. Later, the district came under the rule of the Bijapur Sultanate and the Mughals. In the 18th century, the region was annexed by the Nizam of Hyderabad. After India gained independence, Yadgir became a part of the newly-formed state of Karnataka.
Yadgir is located in the northern part of Karnataka, and it shares its borders with the states of Maharashtra and Telangana. The district has a total area of 5,469 square kilometers, and it is divided into five taluks - Yadgir, Shahapur, Surpur, Shorapur, and Gurmitkal. The district is mainly hilly and rocky, and it is situated at an average elevation of 400 meters above sea level. The major rivers that flow through the district are the Vedavathi, Krishna, and Bhima.
As per the 2011 Census, Yadgir had a population of 1,174,271, with a sex ratio of 975 females per 1000 males. The literacy rate in the district was 59.98%, which is lower than the state average. The district has a predominantly rural population, with only 18.38% of the population residing in urban areas. The major languages spoken in the district are Kannada, Urdu, and Telugu.
Agriculture is the primary occupation of the people in Yadgir, and the district is known for its production of crops such as paddy, jowar, maize, and groundnut. The district is also known for its horticulture, with the cultivation of fruits such as mango, guava, and banana. The region has a significant potential for the development of mineral-based industries, and there are several small-scale industries in the district that are engaged in the production of textiles, pottery, and handicrafts. The district is also home to a few large-scale industries such as the Kalyani Steel Plant.
Yadgir has a rich cultural heritage, with a blend of Hindu and Muslim traditions. The district is known for its various festivals, such as Ugadi, Diwali, Eid, and Dussehra. The region is famous for its unique dance form called the "Gangamma Jatre," which is performed during the Gangamma Festival. The district is also known for its traditional crafts, such as pottery and weaving. The local cuisine of Yadgir is a mix of Kannada and Hyderabadi cuisine, with dishes such as biryani, kebabs, and jolada rotti.
Yadgir has several places of historical and cultural importance that attract tourists from all over the world. The district is home to several ancient temples, such as the Chintamani Narasimha Temple, the Hanuman Temple etc.
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