Kodagu, also known as Coorg, is a district in the southwestern Indian state of Karnataka. The district is located on the slopes of the Western Ghats and is known for its scenic beauty, rich history, culture, and unique cuisine.
Kodagu district is situated in the Western Ghats of southwestern Karnataka. The district covers an area of approximately 4,102 square kilometers and is bordered by the districts of Dakshina Kannada, Hassan, Mysuru, and Kannur (Kerala). The district is known for its high elevation, steep hills, and dense forests. The district is divided into three administrative taluks: Madikeri, Virajpet, and Somwarpet. The district's major rivers are the Kaveri, the Lakshmana Tirtha, and the Harangi.
Kodagu has a rich and vibrant history. According to legends, the region was ruled by the Haleri Rajas before the arrival of the British. The Kodavas, the indigenous people of the region, are believed to be descendants of the Haleri Rajas. The Kodavas are known for their martial traditions and are considered to be one of the most warlike communities in India.
During the British Raj, Kodagu was a part of the Madras Presidency. The region was then annexed by the newly independent Indian government in 1956 and was made a part of the Mysore state. The region was later renamed Karnataka in 1973.
The population of Kodagu district as per the 2011 census is 554,762. The district has a literacy rate of 82.52%, which is higher than the national average of 74%. The majority of the population is Kannadigas, with Kodavas forming a significant minority. Other ethnic communities in the district include the Malayalis, the Tamils, and the Tuluvas. The official language of the district is Kannada, but Kodava Takk, a Dravidian language, is also widely spoken.
Kodagu's economy is predominantly agricultural, with coffee being the main crop. The district is known for its high-quality coffee beans, which are exported to various countries. Other crops grown in the district include pepper, cardamom, and oranges. Tourism is also a significant contributor to the district's economy. The district is known for its scenic beauty, wildlife, and rich cultural heritage.
Kodagu's culture is unique and has been influenced by various communities that have lived in the region. The Kodavas are known for their martial traditions and are famous for their unique wedding ceremony, called "Kodava Oorale." The ceremony is a celebration of the Kodava culture, which involves the bride and groom wearing traditional attire and exchanging vows in front of a sacred fire.
The district is also known for its cuisine, which is a blend of various regional and international flavors. The traditional Kodava cuisine includes dishes such as pandi curry (pork curry), koli curry (chicken curry), and kadumbuttu (rice balls).
Kodagu is a popular tourist destination and is known for its scenic beauty and rich cultural heritage. The district is home to several wildlife sanctuaries, including the Nagarhole National Park, which is home to tigers, elephants, and other wildlife. The district is also home to several historic forts and temples, including the Madikeri Fort and the Omkareshwara Temple.
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