Jalor, also known as Jalore, is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located in the western part of the state and is situated about 140 kilometers south of Jodhpur. The city is known for its historical significance, as it has been an important center of trade and commerce since ancient times.
Jalor has a rich history that dates back to the 8th century when it was ruled by the Gurjar Pratiharas. Later on, it came under the control of the Rajputs, who ruled over the city until the 16th century. During this period, Jalor was known for its magnificent fort, which was built by the Rajputs. The fort is still one of the major tourist attractions in the city.
In the 16th century, Jalor came under the control of the Mughal Empire, which ruled over the city until the 18th century. During this period, Jalor witnessed a significant decline in its economy, as the Mughal rulers did not invest much in the city's infrastructure. However, the city regained its prosperity during the 19th century when it came under the control of the British.
Jalor is located in the Thar Desert region of Rajasthan and is surrounded by the Aravalli Range. The city is situated at an altitude of 460 meters above sea level and has a semi-arid climate. The summers are extremely hot, with temperatures reaching up to 45 degrees Celsius, while the winters are mild, with temperatures ranging from 10 to 25 degrees Celsius. The city receives an average annual rainfall of about 300 mm.
Jalor has a population of around 200,000 people, according to the 2011 census. The city has a mixed population, with Hindus, Muslims, and Jains living together in harmony. The literacy rate in the city is around 60%, which is lower than the national average.
Jalor's economy is primarily based on agriculture and mining. The city is known for its production of cotton, wheat, and mustard. The mining industry in Jalor is also quite significant, as the city has abundant reserves of minerals such as granite, marble, and limestone. The city also has a thriving handicraft industry, with artisans producing beautiful textiles, pottery, and leather goods.
Jalor's culture is a blend of Rajasthani, Gujarati, and Mughal influences. The city is known for its colorful festivals, including Diwali, Holi, and Teej. The city's music and dance forms, such as Ghoomar, Kalbelia, and Chari, are an integral part of its culture. The city is also famous for its delicious cuisine, with dishes such as Dal Baati Churma, Gatte Ki Sabzi, and Ker Sangri being popular among locals and tourists alike.
Jalor is a popular tourist destination in Rajasthan, known for its historical significance and natural beauty. The city's major attractions include the Jalore Fort, which is a magnificent structure built by the Rajputs in the 8th century. The fort offers a panoramic view of the city and is a must-visit for history enthusiasts. Other popular tourist destinations in Jalor include the Topekhana, a 16th-century cannon foundry, and the Bheem Kund, a natural water reservoir located near the city.
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