Baran is a city located in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is situated in the southeastern part of the state and is bordered by the districts of Kota, Jhalawar, and Shivpuri. The city has a rich history, diverse culture, and a unique geographical location.
Baran has a rich and varied history dating back to ancient times. The city was once part of the Mauryan Empire and was ruled by several dynasties over the centuries, including the Chauhans, the Solankis, and the Mughals. During the medieval period, Baran was ruled by the Rajputs, who built several forts and palaces in the region. In the 18th century, the city came under the control of the Marathas, who ruled the region until the British took over in the 19th century.
Baran is located in the southeastern part of Rajasthan and covers an area of approximately 6,955 square kilometers. The city is situated at an altitude of 262 meters above sea level and is surrounded by hills and forests. The climate in Baran is characterized by hot summers and mild winters, with the monsoon season lasting from July to September.
According to the 2011 census, the population of Baran was 1,222,755. The city has a literacy rate of 67.91%, which is lower than the national average. The majority of the population in Baran is Hindu, with small Muslim and Sikh communities as well. The official language of the city is Hindi, although several other languages are also spoken in the region.
The economy of Baran is primarily based on agriculture, with the majority of the population engaged in farming and related activities. The main crops grown in the region include wheat, rice, maize, and pulses. In recent years, there has been an increase in the cultivation of cash crops such as sugarcane, cotton, and mustard. The city is also known for its mining industry, with deposits of granite, marble, and sandstone found in the region. The city is also home to several small-scale industries, including brick making and handloom weaving.
Baran has a rich and diverse cultural heritage, with a mix of Rajasthani, Mughal, and Maratha influences. The city is known for its colorful folk music and dance traditions, including the Kalbelia and Ghoomar dances. The traditional attire of the people in Baran is the Rajasthani ghagra choli for women and dhoti kurta for men. The city is also home to several festivals, including Holi, Diwali, and Teej, which are celebrated with great fervor.
Baran is a popular tourist destination, known for its historical monuments, scenic beauty, and cultural heritage. The city is home to several forts and palaces, including the Bhand Devra Temple, the Kherkheri Temple, and the Gagron Fort, which has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city is also known for its wildlife sanctuaries, including the Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kelwara Sanctuary, which are home to several species of animals and birds.
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