Hanumangarh is a district in the state of Rajasthan, located in the northern part of India. It is situated at the confluence of the Ghaggar and the Sutlej rivers, making it a significant location both historically and geographically. Hanumangarh is known for its rich history, diverse culture, and beautiful landscapes.
Hanumangarh has a long and illustrious history, dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization. The area was inhabited by the Harappan people, who were known for their advanced civilization and urban planning. The Harappan civilization declined around 1800 BCE, after which the region was inhabited by a number of different tribes and kingdoms.
The area was ruled by the Mauryan Empire in the 3rd century BCE, followed by the Gupta Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries CE. Later, the Rajputs came to power and established their kingdoms in the region. Hanumangarh was ruled by various Rajput dynasties, including the Bhatti Rajputs, the Rathores, and the Shekhawats.
In the 18th century, the area came under the control of the Marathas, followed by the British in the 19th century. After India gained independence in 1947, Hanumangarh became a part of the newly-formed state of Rajasthan.
Hanumangarh is situated at the confluence of the Ghaggar and Sutlej rivers in northwestern Rajasthan. The district covers an area of 12,645 square kilometers and is bordered by Punjab to the north and Haryana to the east. The district is predominantly agricultural, with the majority of the population engaged in farming. The region is known for its fertile alluvial soil, which is ideal for growing crops like wheat, rice, and cotton.
The district is divided into two distinct geographical regions: the sandy plain of the Thar Desert in the west and the fertile plains of the Sutlej river in the east. The district is home to a number of small hills, including the Hanumangarh Hill, which is believed to have been the site of an ancient fort.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Hanumangarh district has a population of 1,779,650, with a sex ratio of 903 females per 1000 males. The literacy rate is 70.47%, which is lower than the national average. The district has a large number of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, who make up a significant portion of the population.
The major languages spoken in the district are Hindi, Punjabi, and Rajasthani. The majority of the population follows Hinduism, with Islam and Sikhism also represented.
Hanumangarh is primarily an agricultural district, with the majority of the population engaged in farming. The region is known for its fertile soil and abundant water supply, making it ideal for cultivating crops like wheat, rice, and cotton. The district is also home to a number of small-scale industries, including cotton ginning, mustard oil production, and brick making.
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