Tapi is a district in the state of Gujarat, India. The district is named after the Tapi River, which flows through it. It is situated in the southern part of Gujarat and is bordered by the districts of Surat, Navsari, and Dang. Tapi is known for its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty, and is a popular tourist destination.
The history of Tapi dates back to the prehistoric period, as evidenced by the discovery of stone tools and artifacts in the district. The region was ruled by various dynasties over the centuries, including the Mauryas, Guptas, Chalukyas, and Rashtrakutas. In the medieval period, the region was part of the Sultanate of Gujarat and was ruled by the Mughals after the fall of the Gujarat Sultanate.
During the colonial period, Tapi was part of the Bombay Presidency and was administered by the British East India Company. After independence, Tapi became part of the state of Bombay and later the state of Gujarat.
Tapi is situated in the southern part of Gujarat and covers an area of 7269 square kilometers. The district is located between 20° 45' to 21° 55' North latitude and 73° 25' to 74° 40' East longitude. The Tapi River flows through the district from east to west, and several other rivers and streams also flow through the region.
The district is primarily hilly and has several forests, including the Vansda National Park and the Purna Wildlife Sanctuary. The climate of Tapi is tropical, with hot summers and mild winters.
As of the 2011 Census, the population of Tapi was 1,321,695, with a sex ratio of 1000 females to 951 males. The literacy rate in the district was 69.3%. The majority of the population is Hindu, with small Muslim, Christian, and Jain communities.
The economy of Tapi is primarily agricultural, with rice, maize, wheat, and sugarcane being the major crops. The district also has several industries, including textile mills, chemical plants, and food processing units. The Tapi River provides water for irrigation and is also used for fishing.
Tapi has a rich cultural heritage, with several festivals and traditions celebrated throughout the year. The major festivals in the district include Diwali, Holi, and Navratri. The region is also known for its music and dance forms, including garba, dandiya, and tippani.
Tapi is a popular tourist destination, with several natural and cultural attractions. The Vansda National Park and the Purna Wildlife Sanctuary are popular destinations for wildlife enthusiasts, and the region is also known for its trekking and hiking trails.
The district has several historical and cultural sites, including the Surpaneshwar Shiva Temple, the BAPS Swaminarayan Mandir, and the Dastur Meherji Rana Library and Research Center. The Saputara Hill Station, located in the Dang district but easily accessible from Tapi, is a popular tourist destination for its scenic beauty and outdoor activities.
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