Bharuch is a city situated in the southern region of Gujarat, India. It is located on the banks of the Narmada River and is one of the oldest cities in the state. Bharuch has a rich history and culture, and its strategic location has made it a hub for trade and commerce for centuries.
Bharuch has a long and illustrious history. It is believed to have been inhabited since the prehistoric period. The city was known as Barygaza in ancient times and was a major center for trade and commerce in the region. It was a part of the Mauryan Empire and was later ruled by the Guptas, the Maitrakas, the Chavdas, and the Solankis. In the 13th century, the city was conquered by the Sultanate of Delhi and later by the Mughals. During the British Raj, Bharuch was a center for cotton trade and had a thriving textile industry.
Bharuch is located in the southern part of Gujarat and is situated on the banks of the Narmada River. The city has a total area of 68.45 square kilometers and is located at an altitude of 15 meters above sea level. Bharuch is surrounded by the districts of Vadodara to the east, Surat to the south, and Narmada to the west. The city is well connected to other parts of Gujarat and India through a network of roads, railways, and airways.
As per the 2011 census, Bharuch has a population of 1,55,082, with a male population of 80,495 and a female population of 74,587. The literacy rate of the city is 88.5%, which is higher than the national average of 74.04%. The majority of the population is Hindu, with a significant Muslim minority. Gujarati is the primary language spoken in the city, followed by Hindi and English.
Bharuch has a thriving economy and is known for its industries, including textiles, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The city is home to several large corporations, including Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers and Chemicals Limited (GNFC), Gujarat Fluorochemicals Limited (GFL), and Videocon Industries. Bharuch is also a hub for the production of cotton textiles and is home to several cotton mills.
Bharuch has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its music, dance, and festivals. The city has a significant Muslim population, and the Muharram festival is celebrated with great fervor. The city is also known for its Garba dance, which is a traditional dance form of Gujarat. The people of Bharuch are known for their hospitality, and the city is famous for its food, including the local delicacy, khaman.
Bharuch has several tourist attractions that showcase its rich history and culture. The city is home to several ancient temples, including the Bhrigu Rishi Temple, the Kasak Temple, and the Swaminarayan Temple. The Narmada River is a popular spot for boating, and visitors can also take a ferry ride to the nearby Golden Bridge, which is a suspension bridge over the Narmada River. The city is also known for its historical monuments, including the Jama Masjid, the Bharuch Fort, and the Ankleshwar Jain Temple.
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