Sabarkantha is a district located in the state of Gujarat, India. It is one of the largest districts in Gujarat, covering an area of 7,390 square kilometers. Sabarkantha is located in the northern part of Gujarat and is surrounded by the districts of Aravalli, Mehsana, Patan, and Banaskantha.
Sabarkantha has a rich history that goes back to the ancient times. The region was ruled by various dynasties like Mauryas, Guptas, Solankis, and Chavdas. The district was once a part of the kingdom of Gujarat Sultanate during the medieval period. The Mughal Empire also had a significant impact on the region, and it was ruled by the Mughals for many years. Later, in the 19th century, the district came under British rule and remained a part of British India until India's independence in 1947.
Sabarkantha is situated in the northern part of Gujarat and has a diverse landscape. The district is divided into three main regions: the eastern hilly area, the central plain, and the western plateau. The eastern part of the district is hilly and is covered with dense forests. The central plain is known for its fertile soil, and it is the most populated region in the district. The western plateau is a semi-arid region and is known for its barren land.
Sabarkantha is also home to several rivers like the Sabarmati, Meshwo, Vatrak, and Hathmati. These rivers play a vital role in the district's agriculture and are used for irrigation purposes.
According to the 2011 census, the total population of Sabarkantha is 2,427,346. The district has a literacy rate of 74.4%, with males having a literacy rate of 83.4% and females having a literacy rate of 64.9%. The majority of the population in Sabarkantha belongs to the Hindu religion, followed by Muslims and Jains. The district has a significant tribal population, with several tribes like the Bhils, Garasias, and Gamits living in the hilly areas.
Sabarkantha has a predominantly agricultural economy, with agriculture being the primary occupation of the people. The district is known for its production of crops like cotton, wheat, and groundnut. The district is also known for its dairy industry, with several dairy cooperatives operating in the region. Apart from agriculture, Sabarkantha has a growing small-scale industry, with several small and medium-sized enterprises operating in the district.
Sabarkantha has a rich culture and is known for its folk music, dance, and literature. The district has several fairs and festivals, which are celebrated with great enthusiasm. One of the most famous festivals in Sabarkantha is the Vautha Fair, which is held every year on the banks of the Sabarmati River. The fair is known for its cattle trade, and farmers from all over the region come to participate in the fair.
Sabarkantha is a popular tourist destination and has several places of historical and cultural significance. Some of the popular tourist attractions in Sabarkantha are:
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