Sibsagar, also known as Sivasagar, is a district in the northeastern state of Assam, India. The district headquarters is located in the town of Sivasagar, which was the capital of the Ahom Kingdom. Sibsagar is known for its rich history, culture, and natural beauty.
The history of Sibsagar can be traced back to the Ahom Kingdom, which ruled the region from the 13th century to the 18th century. The Ahom rulers made Sibsagar their capital and built several temples, palaces, and tanks in the region. The town of Sibsagar was named after the Sivasagar tank, which was built by the Ahom King Siva Singha in the 18th century.
During the Ahom rule, Sibsagar was a center of learning and culture. The Ahom kings patronized the arts and literature, and several notable writers and poets lived in the region. The Ahom kingdom also saw several wars and conflicts, including invasions by the Mughals and the Burmese.
After the decline of the Ahom Kingdom, Sibsagar came under the rule of the British in the 19th century. The British built several tea gardens in the region, which became a major source of revenue for the district.
Sibsagar is located in the eastern part of Assam, bordering the state of Nagaland to the east. The district covers an area of 2668 square kilometers and is divided into three sub-divisions - Sibsagar, Nazira, and Charaideo. The Brahmaputra river flows through the district, and several other rivers and tributaries also pass through the region.
The district has a predominantly flat terrain, with the hills of Nagaland visible in the eastern part of the district. The climate of Sibsagar is tropical, with hot and humid summers and cool winters. The district receives heavy rainfall during the monsoon season.
According to the 2011 census, Sibsagar has a population of 1,152,339, with a sex ratio of 952 females for every 1000 males. The literacy rate in the district is 73.18%, with males having a literacy rate of 79.71% and females having a literacy rate of 66.45%.
The district has a diverse population, with several ethnic groups living in the region. The major communities in Sibsagar include Ahoms, Mishing, Deori, Moran, and Bengali.
The economy of Sibsagar is primarily based on agriculture and tea cultivation. The district is known for its high-quality tea, and several tea gardens are located in the region. Other crops grown in the district include rice, jute, sugarcane, and mustard.
Apart from agriculture, the district also has a growing tourism industry. Sibsagar is home to several historical monuments and temples, which attract tourists from all over the world. The district also has several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, which are home to a diverse range of flora and fauna.
Sibsagar has a rich cultural heritage, with a blend of several ethnic communities living in the region. The Ahom culture has had a significant influence on the region, and several festivals and traditions are celebrated in honor of the Ahom rulers.
The major festivals celebrated in Sibsagar include Bihu, Durga Puja, and Magh Bihu. The district also has a rich tradition of folk music and dance, with several dance forms like Bihu, Bagurumba etc.
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